Fourierism

Fourierist, Fourierite /foor"ee euh ruyt'/, n.Fourieristic, adj.
/foor"ee euh riz'euhm/, n.
the social system proposed by François Marie Charles Fourier, under which society was to be organized into phalanxes or associations, each large enough for all industrial and social requirements.
[1835-45; < F fouriérisme. See FOURIER, -ISM]

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▪ social reform philosophy
      philosophy of social reform developed by the French social theorist Charles Fourier that advocated the transformation of society into self-sufficient, independent “phalanges” (phalanxes). One of several utopian socialist programs to emerge in the second quarter of the 19th century, Fourierism was transplanted to the United States by Albert Brisbane (Brisbane, Albert), who renamed it “Associationism.”

      Brisbane's ideas were popularized by Horace Greeley in the pages of the New York Tribune, and shortly thereafter a number of communal groups—phalanxes—were established. The best known was Brook Farm (q.v.), near Boston, founded by George Ripley in 1841. Brook Farm lasted until 1847, but the average duration of the nearly 50 other phalanxes in the United States was just two years.

      Based on an agrarian-handicraft economy, the phalanx consisted of about 1500 people. Work was voluntary and goods produced were the property of the phalanx. But members were paid an hourly wage (the scale escalating according to the disagreeableness of the task), and private property and inheritance were permitted. Fourier's premise was that people could live harmoniously in a state of nature, free of government intervention. Transcendentalists found much to admire in Fourierism, and true believers predicted that eventually the entire world would be organized into phalanxes.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • fourierism — FOURIERÍSM s.n. Doctrină socialistă utopică franceză creată de Ch. Fourier şi de discipolii lui în prima jumătate a sec. XIX. [pr.: fu ri e ] – Din fr. fouriérisme. Trimis de zaraza joe, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  FOURIERÍSM s. (POL.) armonism,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Fourierism — Fou ri*er*ism, n. The co[ o]perative socialistic system of Charles Fourier, a Frenchman, who recommended the reorganization of society into small communities, living in common …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fourierism — 1841, in reference to ideas of French socialist François Marie Charles Fourier (1772 1837), whose plan also was called phalansterianism …   Etymology dictionary

  • Fourierism — ☆ Fourierism [foor′ē ər iz΄əm ] n. the doctrines of F. M. C. FOURIER François Marie Charles, esp. his proposed system for reorganizing society into small, self sufficient, cooperative agricultural communities …   English World dictionary

  • Fourierism — noun Etymology: French fouriérisme, from F.M.C. Fourier Date: 1843 a system for reorganizing society into cooperative communities of small self sustaining groups • Fourierist noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Fourierism — noun The cooperative socialistic system of , a Frenchman, who recommended the reorganization of society into small communities, living in common. See Also: Fourierite …   Wiktionary

  • fourierísm — s. n. (sil. ri e ) [fou pron. fr. fu ] …   Romanian orthography

  • fourierism — n. Socialism, phalansterianism, humanitarianism, Saint Simonianism …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • fourierism — fou·ri·er·ism …   English syllables

  • Fourierism — Fou•ri•er•ism [[t]ˈfʊər i əˌrɪz əm[/t]] n. soc the social system proposed by François Marie Charles Fourier under which society was to be organized into self sufficient phalanxes large enough for all industrial and social requirements • Etymology …   From formal English to slang

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