fishery

/fish"euh ree/, n., pl. fisheries.
1. a place where fish are bred; fish hatchery.
2. a place where fish or shellfish are caught.
3. the occupation or industry of catching, processing, or selling fish or shellfish.
4. Law. the right to fish in certain waters or at certain times.
[1520-30; FISH + ERY]

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      harvesting of fish, shellfish, and sea mammals as a commercial enterprise, or the location or season of commercial fishing. Fisheries range from small family operations relying on traditional fishing methods to large corporations using large fleets and the most advanced technology. Small-scale fishery is ordinarily conducted in waters relatively close to a home port, but factory ships (factory ship) that are equipped to process the catch on board often go thousands of miles from home. See commercial fishing.

      Fish constitutes less than 1 percent of the world's diet, and the various hazards of the industry militate against much growth. Weather, environmental problems such as pollution, the unpredictability and high perishability of the harvest, and the high costs of gear and equipment all discourage the expansion of the industry. Of the world's total sea harvest, about one-fourth is provided by the herring family (sardine, anchovy, menhaden). The cod family (haddock, hake, pollock, cusk, ocean perch) accounts for about one-sixth. Another one-tenth is made up of tuna, bonita, and mackerel; and the rest of the harvest includes salmon, flounder, halibut, sole, the shellfish, and trout and other freshwater fish, including carp and catfish.

      Among the nations with the largest harvests are Peru, the United States, Russia, China, Japan, India, and South Korea.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • fishery — fish‧e‧ry [ˈfɪʆəri] noun fisheries PLURALFORM 1. [uncountable] the fishing industry: • the agriculture, forest and fishery sectors of the economy 2. [countable] a part of the sea where fish are caught as a business: • The Peruvian anchovy fishery …   Financial and business terms

  • Fishery — Fish er*y, n.; pl. {Fisheries}. 1. The business or practice of catching fish; fishing. Addison. [1913 Webster] 2. A place for catching fish. [1913 Webster] 3. (Law) The right to take fish at a certain place, or in particular waters. Abbott. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fishery — business of fishing, 1670s; “place where fish are caught,” 1690s; see FISH (Cf. fish) + ERY (Cf. ery). Related: Fisheries …   Etymology dictionary

  • fishery — ► NOUN (pl. fisheries) 1) a place where fish are reared, or caught in numbers. 2) the occupation or industry of catching or rearing fish …   English terms dictionary

  • fishery — [fish′ər ē] n. pl. fisheries 1. the business of catching, packing, or selling fish, or lobsters, shrimp, etc. 2. a place where fish, etc. are caught; fishing ground 3. the legal right to catch fish in certain waters or at certain times 4. a place …   English World dictionary

  • Fishery — See also: fishing and fishing industry A salmon fishery with salmon spawning within the Becharof Wilderness in southern Alaska. Generally, a fishery is an entity engaged in raising and/or harvesting fish, which is determined by some… …   Wikipedia

  • fishery — Business or process of catching, processing, or selling fish. A hatchery or place for catching fish. A right or liberty of taking fish at a particular place or waters. A species of incorporeal hereditament, anciently termed piscary, of which… …   Black's law dictionary

  • fishery — In common usage, a place for fishing. In a legal sense, a right, other than one arising from ownership of a particular shore or beach, to employ within a particular stretch of water, lawful means for the taking of fish which may be found there.… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • fishery — noun Fishery is used before these nouns: ↑biologist Fishery is used after these nouns: ↑herring, ↑salmon, ↑trout …   Collocations dictionary

  • fishery — UK [ˈfɪʃərɪ] / US noun [countable] Word forms fishery : singular fishery plural fisheries 1) an area of the sea where fish can be caught to be sold 2) a place where fish are bred, either to be sold for food or to be put into lakes and rivers to… …   English dictionary

  • fishery — noun (plural eries) Date: 1528 1. the occupation, industry, or season of taking fish or other sea animals (as sponges, shrimp, or seals) ; fishing 2. a place for catching fish or taking other sea animals 3. a fishing establishment; also its… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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