Fifth Monarchy Men

Eng. Hist.
(during the Commonwealth in the 17th century) a militant sect of Puritans who identified the fifth monarchy with the millennial reign of Christ and who believed they should help to inaugurate that reign by force.

* * *

▪ religious sect
      an extreme Puritan sect that came into prominence in England during the Commonwealth and Protectorate. They were so called from their belief that the time of the fifth monarchy was at hand—that is, the monarchy that (according to a traditional interpretation of parts of the Bible) should succeed the Assyrian, Persian, Greek, and Roman monarchies and during which Christ should reign on earth with his saints for 1,000 years. After the fall of the monarchy, they at first supported Oliver Cromwell. The Nominated, or Barebones, Parliament of 1653, chosen from nominees of the Independent churches, raised their hopes of speedily accomplishing the rule of the saints. The establishment of the Protectorate, however, dashed these hopes and turned the sect against Cromwell. The violence of their agitation led to the arrest of their leaders—Thomas Harrison, Robert Overton, Christopher Feake, John Rogers, and others. An attempt at an armed uprising, led by Thomas Venner in April 1657, was easily suppressed. Venner attempted another, equally abortive uprising in January 1661. He and a number of others were executed, and the special doctrines of the sect died out.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fifth monarchy men — Fifth Fifth, a. [OE. fifte, fifthe, AS. f[=i]fta. See {Five}.] 1. Next in order after the fourth; the ordinal of five. [1913 Webster] 2. Consisting of one of five equal divisions of a thing. [1913 Webster] {Fifth monarchy men} (Hist.), a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fifth-monarchy men — plural noun (historical) An extreme sect at the time of the Puritan revolution, who looked for a new reign of Christ on earth in succession to Daniel s four great monarchies of Antichrist • • • Main Entry: ↑fifth …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fifth Monarchy Men —   [fɪfθ mɔnəkɪ men], im 17. Jahrhundert sozialrevolutionäre Bewegung in England, Fünftmonarchianer …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fifth Monarchy Men —    The Fifth Monarchy Men was a powerful millennial movement that emerged in the 1640s during the tumultuous times of the Puritan Commonwealth in England. They hoped to reform Parliament in preparation for the return of Christ toward the end of… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • FIFTH-MONARCHY MEN —    a set of fanatics of extreme levelling tendencies, who, towards the close of the Protectorate, maintained that Jesus Christ was about to reappear on the earth to establish a fifth monarchy that would swallow up and forcibly suppress all that… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Fifth Monarchy Men — Eng. Hist. (during the Commonwealth in the 17th century) a militant sect of Puritans who identified the fifth monarchy with the millennial reign of Christ and who believed they should help to inaugurate that reign by force …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fifth Monarchy Men —  Пятого Царства Люди …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Fifth monarchy — Monarchy Mon arch*y, n.; pl. {Monarchies}. [F. monarchie, L. monarchia, Gr. ?. See {Monarch}.] 1. A state or government in which the supreme power is lodged in the hands of a monarch. [1913 Webster] 2. A system of government in which the chief… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Monarchy — Mon arch*y, n.; pl. {Monarchies}. [F. monarchie, L. monarchia, Gr. ?. See {Monarch}.] 1. A state or government in which the supreme power is lodged in the hands of a monarch. [1913 Webster] 2. A system of government in which the chief ruler is a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fifth — Fifth, a. [OE. fifte, fifthe, AS. f[=i]fta. See {Five}.] 1. Next in order after the fourth; the ordinal of five. [1913 Webster] 2. Consisting of one of five equal divisions of a thing. [1913 Webster] {Fifth monarchy men} (Hist.), a fanatical sect …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.