- /fee"day iz'euhm, fuy"dee-/, n.exclusive reliance in religious matters upon faith, with consequent rejection of appeals to science or philosophy.
* * *a philosophical view extolling theological faith by making it the ultimate criterion of truth and minimizing the power of reason to know religious truths. Strict fideists assign no place to reason in discovering or understanding fundamental tenets of religion. For them blind faith is supreme as the way to certitude and salvation. They defend such faith on various grounds—e.g., mystical experience, revelation, subjective human need, and common sense. A nonrational attitude so pervades their thinking that some assert that the true object of faith is the absurd, the nonrational, the impossible, or that which directly conflicts with reason. Such a position was approached in the philosophies of the 2nd-century North African theologian Tertullian, the medieval English scholar William of Ockham, the 17th-century French philosopher Pierre Bayle, and more recently in the works of the 18th-century German philosopher Johann Georg Hamann and the 19th-century Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard. This modern attitude is often motivated by man's apparent inability to find rational solutions for the world's ills.Moderate fideists, on the other hand, generally assert that some truths at least (e.g., God's existence, moral principles) can be known by reason subsequently reinformed and clarified by faith—reason can or must play a role in the search for religious truths. This position frequently affirms that reason can, in some cases, partially comprehend religious truths after they have been revealed; or at least it shows negatively that no contradiction is necessarily involved in them or that there is a rational basis for accepting truths of faith that the human mind can in no way comprehend. Faith predominates, but reason is not ignored. Thus, the 17th-century French writer Blaise Pascal held that natural faculties are inadequate for religious certainty but suffice to justify religious faith in matters otherwise unknowable.
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Fideism — is the view that religious belief relies primarily on faith or special revelation, rather than rational inference or observation (see natural theology). The word fideism comes from fides , the Latin word for faith, and literally means faith ism.… … Wikipedia
Fideism — • A philosophical term meaning a system of philosophy or an attitude of mind, which, denying the power of unaided human reason to reach certitude, affirms that the fundamental act of human knowledge consists in an act of faith, and the supreme… … Catholic encyclopedia
fideism — FIDEÍSM s.n. Concepţie care dă prioritate credinţei religioase faţă de ştiinţă ori le pune pe acelaşi plan. – Din fr. fidéisme. Trimis de LauraGellner, 10.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98 fideísm s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar… … Dicționar Român
fideism — 1885, from L. fides вЂњfaithвЂќ (see FAITH (Cf. faith)) + ISM (Cf. ism) … Etymology dictionary
fideism — [fē′dā iz΄əm, fī′dēiz΄əm] n. [ModL fideismus < L fides, FAITH + ismus, ISM] the view that everything that can be known with certainty about God or divine things is known only or primarily by faith and never by reason alone fideist n. fideistic … English World dictionary
fideism — noun /ˈfʌɪdeɪzəm/ the doctrine that faith is the basis of all knowledge , 1993: We were warned at Cambridge, your grace, of the dangers of what is termed fideism. Anthony Burgess, A Dead Man in Deptford … Wiktionary
fideism — This word (from the Latin fides, meaning faith ) refers to a variety of theological positions that overemphasize faithand minimize reason. Fideism, which enjoyed a degree of popularity in the nineteenth century, was rejected by the First… … Glossary of theological terms
fideism — From the Latin fides, fideism is the position that religious belief is grounded in faith rather than reason or evidence. Fideists disavow any attempt to provide rational grounds for religious belief and may even heighten paradox to attack… … Christian Philosophy
fideism — noun Etymology: probably from French fidéisme, from Latin fides Date: 1885 reliance on faith rather than reason in pursuit of religious truth • fideist noun • fideistic adjective … New Collegiate Dictionary
fideism — A view that is pessimistic about the role of reason in achieving knowledge of things divine, and that emphasizes instead the merit of acts of faith … Philosophy dictionary