- /feuh rahr"euh/; It. /ferdd rddah"rddah/, n.a city in N Italy, near the Po River: medieval university and cathedral. 154,876.
* * *City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 130,461), northern Italy.Situated near the Po River, it is probably the site of the ancient Forum Alieni. Ferrara first appears in historical records in AD 753, when it was captured from Ravenna by the Lombards. It became a cultural centre and the seat of a principality, but it declined after its incorporation into the Papal States in 1598. The site of an Austrian garrison from 1832, Ferrara became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861. It was severely damaged in World War II. Sites of interest include a 12th-century cathedral, a 14th-century moated castle, and the University of Ferrara (founded 1391).
* * *▪ Italycity, northeastern Emilia-Romagna regione (region), northern Italy, on the Po di Volano, a branch channel of the Po River, northeast of Bologna. Although it is believed to be the site of the ancient Forum Alieni, from which its name is derived, there is no record of Ferrara earlier than AD 753, when it was captured from the exarchate of Ravenna by the Lombards. It passed in 774 to the papacy, under which it became an independent commune by the 10th century. The city was occupied successively by Tedaldo di Canossa (988), Countess Matilda of Tuscany (1101), and Frederick I Barbarossa (1158), and its internal history in the 12th century is largely that of the conflict between the rival families of the Salinguerra and the Adelardi. The rights and claims of the latter passed in 1184 by marriage to the House of Este, which after 1240 finally established its undisputed rule over the city.Ferrara became the seat of a powerful principality and cultural centre but declined both commercially and politically after its incorporation into the Papal States in 1598. The seat of an Austrian garrison from 1832, it became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1860. The only important survivals of the medieval city are the massive Castello Estense (Este Castle; 1385–1570) and the Cathedral of San Giorgio, consecrated in 1185, with later additions.Little else in the city has survived from the Middle Ages. The Palazzo del Comune and the Palazzo della Ragione are both extensively restored, and the university founded in 1391 is housed in a late 16th-century building whose library contains a valuable collection of manuscripts, including works by the poets Ludovico Ariosto and Torquato Tasso. Ariosto's house, where he died in 1533, is preserved. The principal artistic treasure of Ferrara is the magnificent series of palaces of the later 15th and 16th centuries. These palazzi include the Diamanti, housing the municipal art gallery and other museums; the Schifanoia with the civic museum; and the Ludovico il Moro, now a national archaeological museum housing the finds from the ancient Etruscan port of Spina. Ferrara is an archbishopric. Its churches of San Francesco, Corpus Domini, Santa Maria in Vado, and the Certosa (San Cristoforo) are also Renaissance buildings. The city's cultural treasures were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1995 (expanded in 1999 to include properties in the surrounding region).Linked by rail with Bologna, Padua, Venice, Ravenna, and Comacchio, Ferrara is the centre of a flourishing agricultural area (fruit), much of it reclaimed marshland. The period following World War II saw a great expansion of industrial activity and the creation of a large industrial zone between Ferrara and Pontelagoscuro. The city's principal manufactures are chemicals, sugar, alcohol, shoes, and hemp products. Pop. (2004 est.) 131,135.
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Ferrara — Ferrara … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ferrara — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ferrara Escudo … Wikipedia Español
FERRARA — FERRARA, city in N. central Italy, with an ancient and renowned Jewish community. An inscription dating from Roman times and a document of 1088 may relate to local Jewish life. Privileges enjoyed by Jews were recorded in 1275. In the same century … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Ferrara — • Archdiocese immediately subject to the Holy See Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ferrara Ferrara † … Catholic encyclopedia
FERRARA (A.) — FERRARA ABEL (1951 ) Dès ses débuts, à l’aube des années 1980, Abel Ferrara se forge une réputation enviable dans le cercle des cinéphiles américains amateurs de séries B. Son statut, d’abord lié à un phénomène typiquement new yorkais (il est né… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Ferrara — es un municipio de 130.461 habitantes, capital de la provincia homónima de Italia. La ciudad mantiene la estructura urbanística del siglo XIV, época en la que gobernaba en la ciudad la familia de los Este. Ferrara es patrimonio de la humanidad. * … Enciclopedia Universal
FERRARA (F.) — Franco FERRARA 1911 1985 Figure énigmatique de la direction d’orchestre contemporaine, pratiquement inconnu du grand public, Franco Ferrara était considéré dans le monde musical comme l’un des maillons essentiels d’une discipline en pleine… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Ferrāra  — Ferrāra, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), in sumpfiger, aber fruchtbarer Ebene, nur 2,4 m über dem 50 km entfernten Meer, an einem Arme des Po, an den Eisenbahnlinien Padua Bologna, F. Rimini und F. Suzzara, hat breite,… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Ferrara — Fer*ra ra, n. A sword bearing the mark of one of the Ferrara family of Italy. These swords were highly esteemed in England and Scotland in the 16th and 17th centuries. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Ferrāra  — Ferrāra, 1) ehemaliges Herzogthum in Italien, s. Ferrara (Gesch.); 2) Legation des Kirchenstaats, grenzt im W. an die Legation Bologna u. an Modena, im N. an die Lombardei u. Venedig davon durch den Po geschieden), im O. an das Adriatische Meer u … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Ferrara — (Gesch.). F. ist das Forum Allieni, lange ein bloßes Dorf, wurde es erst 604 n. Chr. mit Mauern zur Vertheidigung gegen die Longobarden umgeben; zur Stadt wurde es erst in der Mitte des 7. Jahrh. unter Papst Vitalian erhoben. Es gehörte zum… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon