Ferdinand VI

1713-59, king of Spain 1746-59 (son of Philip V).

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born Sept. 23, 1713, Madrid, Spain
died Aug. 10, 1759, Villaviciosa de Odón

King of Spain (1746–59).

He was the second son of Philip V and his first wife, Marie-Louise. The influence of his father's second wife, Isabella Farnese, kept Ferdinand out of politics during his father's reign. During his own reign he tried to avoid conflicts while relying on his father's minister to bring about reforms. Ferdinand, the second Bourbon Spanish king, and his wife, Maria Bárbara, were patrons of the arts and learning. On his death, the crown passed to his half brother, Charles III.

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▪ king of Spain
born September 23, 1713, Madrid, Spain
died August 10, 1759, Villaviciosa de Odón

      third king of Spain of the house of Bourbon (Bourbon, House of), reigning from 1746 to 1759. He pursued a policy of neutrality and gradual reform.

      The second son of Philip V and his first wife, Marie-Louise, Ferdinand was given no part in political life during the reign of his father, who was much under the influence of his second wife, Isabella (Elizabeth) Farnese (Isabella Farnese). When Ferdinand succeeded to the throne in July 1746, he decided to avoid entanglements and was able to elude conflicts throughout his reign. He relied on his father's minister, the able marqués de la Ensenada (Ensenada, Zenón de Somodevilla y Bengoechea, marqués de la), who brought about administrative and financial reforms.

      Ferdinand was a patron of the arts and learning, founding the Academy of San Fernando for the fine arts in 1752, as well as botanical gardens and an observatory. The economic Societies of Friends of the Country encouraged agricultural and technical advances. His queen, Maria Bárbara of Bragança, to whom he was devoted, shared his love of music and patronized the opera.

      In 1753 Ferdinand concluded a concordat with the papacy by which he recovered rights forfeited under the last of the Habsburgs (Habsburg, House of), Charles II—notably the right to appoint bishops and tax the clergy. After the death of Maria Bárbara in 1758, Ferdinand suffered from melancholia and did not long survive her. They had no children, and the crown passed to his half brother, hitherto king of Naples, Charles III.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Ferdinand [1] — Ferdinand, deutscher männlicher Vorname, wahrscheinlich eigentlich Fernand od. Werinand, der Waffenkühne. Merkwürdig sind I. Regierende Fürsten: A) Kaiser: a) Deutsche Kaiser u. Könige: 1) F. I., Sohn Philipps I. von Castilien, jüngerer Bruder… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ferdinand II — • Emperor, eldest son of Archduke Karl and the Bavarian Princess Maria, b. 1578; d. 15 February, 1637 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ferdinand II     Ferdinand II      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ferdinand I — Ferdinand Ier  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents souverains partageant un même nom. Ferdinand Ier dit le Grand ( 1016 1065), roi de Castille de 1035 à 1065 Ferdinand Ier (1345 1383), roi de Portugal et des Algarves de 1367 à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferdinand — (span. Fernando, Hernando, althochd. Herinand, der »Heerkühne«), Name zahlreicher Fürsten und fürstlicher Personen. Übersicht nach den Ländern. Deutsche Kaiser 1–3. Anhalt 4. (Aragonien, s. Spanien 30.31.) Bayern 5. (Böhmen, s. Österreich 16.)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ferdinand I — may refer to:* Ferdinand I of León, the Great (ca. 1000 1065, king from 1037) * Ferdinand I of Portugal and the Algarves (1345 1383, king from 1367) * Ferdinand I of Aragon and Sicily, of Antequera (1379 1416, king from 1412) * Ferdinand II of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand VI — d Espagne Ferdinand VI Roi d Espagne …   Wikipédia en Français

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