/fah meuh gooh"steuh/, n.
a seaport on the E coast of Cyprus, on an inlet of the Mediterranean: castle; large cathedral (now a mosque). 38,960.

* * *

Greek  Ammókhostos , Turkish  Gazi Mağusa  
 a major port in the Turkish Cypriot-administered portion of northern Cyprus. It lies on the island's east coast in a bay between Capes Greco and Eloea and is about 37 miles (55 km) east of Nicosia. The port possesses the deepest harbour in Cyprus.

      Famagusta is a Frankish corruption of its Greek name, which means “buried in the sand,” descriptive of the silted mouth of the Pedieos River north of the town. It was founded as Arsinoe by the Macedonian Egyptian king Ptolemy II (Ptolemy II Philadelphus) (308–246 BC). An influx of Christian refugees fleeing the downfall of Acre (1291) in Palestine briefly transformed it from a tiny village into one of the richest cities in Christendom. The Lusignan kings of Cyprus were crowned as kings of Jerusalem in Famagusta's 14th-century Gothic-style Cathedral of St. Nicholas, which is now a mosque. In 1372 the port was seized by Genoa and in 1489 by Venice. The Venetians made Famagusta the capital of Cyprus and remodeled the town's fortifications. Though ravaged by war and earthquakes, and now only partly inhabited, the old walled and bastioned town contains some of the finest examples of medieval military architecture extant. The walls are 50 feet (15 metres) high and 27 feet (8 metres) thick in places, and north of the well-preserved sea gate (rebuilt 1492) stands the citadel known as Othello's Tower, so called because a lieutenant-governor of Cyprus (1506–08) named Christoforo Moro was allegedly the model for the title character in Shakespeare's play Othello. Famagusta fell to the Turks after a bitter and prolonged siege in 1570–71.

      The British occupied Cyprus from 1878 to 1960. They built extensive harbour installations at Famagusta, which became a naval base in World War II. During the British administration, a modern suburb called Varosha was developed south of Famagusta as a commercial centre and tourist resort. After the Turkish intervention in 1974, Varosha was sealed off to civilians and tourism ceased. Settlers from mainland Turkey were relocated in Famagusta, parts of Varosha (after 1976), and in the surrounding citrus-growing areas. Famagusta is now home to the Eastern Mediterranean University, which opened in 1986. Ferry service, begun in 1978 between Mersin, Turkey, and Latakia, Syria, includes Famagusta in its run. Pop. (1996) 23,295.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Famagusta — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Vista de la playa en Famagusta. Famagusta es una ciudad ubicada al este de Chipre, centro administrativo del distrito homónimo y bajo control de la autoproclamada República Turca del Norte de Chipre. Como puerto… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Famagusta — • A titular see in the Island of Cyprus Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Famagusta     Famagusta     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Famagusta — Famagusta, Stadt auf der Ostküste der türkischen Insel Cypern; Hafen, Citadelle, katholischer Bischof, Ruinen ehemaliger Paläste u. Kirchen; 1/2 Ml. nördlich davon die Ruinen der alten Stadt Salamis. F. ist das Arsinoe der Griechen; zu der Römer… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Famagústa — (türk. Ma usa, bei den Assyrern Amtichadasti, bei Ptolemäos Ammochostos), einst bedeutender, jetzt heruntergekommener Distriktshauptort an der Ostküste der Insel Cypern, südlich von der Pidiasmündung, mit 3367 Einw. Nördlich die Ruinen des alten …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Famagusta — Famagusta, Hafenstadt auf Cypern, (1901) 3825 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Famagusta — Famagusta, bei den Griechen Arsinoë, bei den Römern Fama Augusta, Stadt auf der Insel Cypern, in ungesunder Gegend, mit versandetem Hafen; 1571 von den Türken den Venetianern abgenommen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Famagusta — Magusa redirects here. For the moth genus, see Magusa (moth). Famagusta Αμμόχωστος (Greek) Gazimağusa/Mağusa (Turkish) …   Wikipedia

  • Famagusta — Die Lala Mustafa Pascha Moschee, die frühere St. Nikolaos Kathedrale …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Famagusta — Famagụsta,   griechisch Ammọchostos [»Sandküste«, eigentlich »vom Sand überschüttet«], türkisch Mağosa [maː oːsa], Hafenstadt an der Ostküste Zyperns, (1996) 22 200 Einwohner (1973: 41 400 Einwohner, davon rd. 30 000 Griechen); Universität… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Famagusta — Original name in latin Famagusta Name in other language Ammochostos, Ammochostus, Ammokhostos, Ammchostos, Ammkhostos, Amokhostos, Famagosta, Famagouste, Famagusta, Gazi Magosa, Gazimagusa, Gazimausa, Magosa, Magusa, Mausa, famaghwsta, famagusuta …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.