- the Pseudo-Isidorian documents.
* * *Collection of church law from the 9th century, containing some forged documents.They are also called the Decretals of Pseudo-Isidore because they were issued under the name St. Isidore of Sevilla. The collection was intended to protect the rights of diocesan bishops against encroachment by their metropolitan superiors and to protect the clergy from lay interference. The decretals also emphasized the authority of the pope at the expense of that of the archbishops. They consist of laws, papal letters, and decrees of councilssome genuine but many (including the famous Donation of Constantine) forgeries. Widely accepted by the end of the 10th century, the collection was not proved a hoax until the 17th century.
* * *▪ religious literaturea 9th-century collection of ecclesiastical legislation containing some forged documents. The principal aim of the forgers was to free the Roman Catholic church from interference by the state and to maintain the independence of the bishops against the encroachments of the archbishops, who were attempting to extend their power.A party had been formed in the Carolingian Empire to combat the subjection of the church to the state. Within this party was a group that became convinced that the use of legitimate means would never accomplish this purpose and determined to try to achieve it by illegitimate means. They conceived that positive legislation of their demands could be projected into the past by attributing it to popes and kings long dead. Thus, they produced a number of falsifications of church law, of which the best known was the False Decretals.The False Decretals—also called the Decretals of Pseudo-Isidore because their compilers passed as Saint Isidore of Sevilla (Isidore of Sevilla, Saint), a Spanish encyclopaedist and historian, and sometimes the Collection of Isidore Mercator because they usually begin with the words Isidorus Mercator, servus Christi lectori salutem (“Isidore the merchant, a servant of Christ, salutes the reader”)—purports to be a collection of decrees of councils and decretals of popes (written replies on questions of ecclesiastical discipline) from the first seven centuries. The collection contains (1) the letters of the popes preceding the Council of Nicaea (325) from Clement I to Miltiades, all of which are forgeries; (2) a collection of the decrees of councils, most of which are genuine, though the forged Donation of Constantine is included; (3) a large collection of letters of the popes from Sylvester I (died 335) to Gregory II (died 731), among which there are more than 40 falsifications.As a collection, the False Decretals seems to have been used first at the Council of Soissons in 853. They were known at the end of the 9th century in Italy but had little influence there until the end of the 10th century. For the next few centuries, they were generally accepted by canonists, theologians, and councils as authentic. Beginning in the 12th century, their authenticity was doubted by some critics, but it was not until the 17th century that David Blondel, a Reformed theologian, clearly refuted their defenders. Since that time, research has concentrated on the origin, extent, and purpose of the falsification.It is untrue to say that the False Decretals revolutionized canon law, but the forgers did have a considerable influence. They seem to have helped eliminate chorepiscopi (bishops in full orders, who, at this time, were auxiliaries of diocesan bishops or of administrators of dioceses), limit the power of archbishops, revive dormant privileges of the clergy, and revive the right of appeal of local bishops to the pope.
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False Decretals — • A name given to certain apocryphal papal letters contained in a collection of canon laws composed about the middle of the ninth century by an author who uses the pseudonym of Isidore Mercator, in the opening preface to the collection Catholic… … Catholic encyclopedia
false decretals — A collection of canon law, dated about the middle of the 9th century, probably by a Prankish ecclesiastic who called himself Isadon. It continued to be the chief repertory of the canon law till the 15th century when its untrustworthy nature was… … Black's law dictionary
False Decretals — the Pseudo Isidorian documents … Useful english dictionary
False Decretals, the — Подложные декреталии … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
Pseudo-Isidore — is the pseudonym given to the scholar or group of scholars responsible for the Pseudo Isidorean (False) Decretals, the most extensive and influential set of forgeries found in medieval Canon law. The authors were a group of Frankish clerics… … Wikipedia
Canon Law — • Canon law is the body of laws and regulations made by or adopted by ecclesiastical authority, for the government of the Christian organization and its members Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Canon Law Canon Law … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Clement I — Saint Clement I Papacy began 92 AD Papacy ended 99 AD Predecessor Anacletus … Wikipedia
Collections of ancient canons — contain collected bodies of canon law that originated in various documents, such as papal and synodal decisions, and that can be designated by the generic term of canons. Contents 1 Generalities 2 From the earliest to the apocryphal collections 2 … Wikipedia
Collections of Ancient Canons — Collections of Ancient Canons † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Collections of Ancient Canons While the essential principles of the constitution and government of the Church were immutably fixed by her Divine Founder, ecclesiastical… … Catholic encyclopedia
Donation of Constantine — • By this name is understood, since the end of the Middle Ages, a forged document of Emperor Constantine the Great, by which large privileges and rich possessions were conferred on the pope and the Roman Church Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight … Catholic encyclopedia