Falmouth

/fal"meuhth/, n.
1. a seaport in S Cornwall, in SW England. 17,883.
2. a town in SE Massachusetts. 23,640.

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      town (“parish”), Carrick district, administrative and historic county of Cornwall, England, on the western shore of the Carrick Roads. Falmouth occupies a peninsular site and faces water on two sides. The old part of the town overlooks the inner harbour in Carrick Roads, whereas the newer residential area, with hotels, faces Falmouth Bay of the English Channel.

      Falmouth has long been important as a port. The complex of drowned river valleys that form Carrick Roads creates a sheltered refuge, accessible at all times and guarded by the Tudor fortresses of Pendennis (west) and Saint Mawes (east). The use of the port as a shipbuilding centre has been assisted by increased wharfage and dry-dock facilities. With its sandy beaches, equable climate, and spacious harbour, Falmouth is a favoured holiday resort and yachting centre. The Trelissick estate and Elizabethan farmhouse on the estuary of the River Fal were taken over by the National Trust in 1956. The Royal Cornwall Yacht Club has its headquarters in the town. Pop. (2001) 21,635.

      town and Caribbean port, north Jamaica, at the mouth of Martha Brae River. It is a trading centre for sugar, rum, coffee, ginger, pimiento, bananas, honey, and dyewood. Although neglected in appearance, the town has some fine Georgian architecture, particularly the Court House (1813; restored after a fire) and the Post Office, which reflects its former importance as a shipping point for neighbouring sugar plantations. Pop. (1991) urban area, 7,245.

      town (township), Barnstable county, southeastern Massachusetts, U.S., on the southwestern end of Cape Cod (Cod, Cape). It includes the villages of Falmouth, East Falmouth, Hatchville, North Falmouth, Teaticket, Waquoit, West Falmouth, and Woods Hole. The site, called Succanessett by Algonquian-speaking Native Americans, was settled in 1661 by Quakers led by Isaac Robinson. It was incorporated in 1686 and named for Falmouth, England. The town was bombarded from the sea by the British during the American Revolution and again during the War of 1812. Shipbuilding, whaling, fishing, agriculture, and the manufacture of salt and glass were important during its early development. The birthplace of Katharine Lee Bates (Bates, Katharine Lee) (author of the national hymn “America the Beautiful”) is preserved in the town. Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve is located near Washburn Island, a popular recreational area. Other natural areas include Long Pond Watershed, Beebes Woods, and the Crane Wildlife Area.

      In Woods Hole are the renowned Marine Biological Laboratory (1888) and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (1930). Falmouth is a busy tourist centre in summer months; ferries connect it with Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket Island (Nantucket). Area 44 square miles (114 square km). Pop. (1990) 27,960; (2000) 32,660.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Falmouth — Falmouth, Cornwall, UK, is the original Falmouth.Falmouth may also mean:In the United States of America: *Falmouth, Florida *Falmouth, Indiana *Falmouth, Kentucky *Falmouth, Maine *Falmouth, Massachusetts **Falmouth (CDP), Massachusetts, a census …   Wikipedia

  • Falmouth — ist der Name verschiedener Orte und einer Geige: in Großbritannien: Falmouth (Cornwall) in den Vereinigten Staaten: Falmouth (Florida) Falmouth (Illinois) Falmouth (Indiana) Falmouth (Kentucky) Falmouth (Massachusetts) Falmouth (Michigan)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Falmouth — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda …   Wikipedia Español

  • Falmouth — Falmouth, KY U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 2058 Housing Units (2000): 988 Land area (2000): 1.287100 sq. miles (3.333574 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.287100 sq. miles (3.333574 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Falmouth, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 2058 Housing Units (2000): 988 Land area (2000): 1.287100 sq. miles (3.333574 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.287100 sq. miles (3.333574 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Falmouth, MA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 4115 Housing Units (2000): 3088 Land area (2000): 2.065245 sq. miles (5.348960 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.175210 sq. miles (0.453793 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.240455 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Falmouth, VA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Virginia Population (2000): 3624 Housing Units (2000): 1412 Land area (2000): 3.136000 sq. miles (8.122202 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.104669 sq. miles (0.271091 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.240669 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Falmouth — [fal′məth] seaport & resort in Cornwall, SW England, on an inlet (Falmouth Bay) of the English Channel: pop. (1981 census) 19,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Falmouth [1] — Falmouth (spr. Fallmauddh), 1) Stadt in der englischen Grafschaft Cornwall an der Mündung des Fal in den Kanal La Manche; Hafen von 2 Forts (Pendennis u. St. Mawes) vertheidigt; Handel, Stationsort der Paquetboote nach Portugal, Spanien u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Falmouth [2] — Falmouth (spr. Fallmauddh), Viscounttitel der Familie Boscawen von dem Städtchen F. in Cornwall. Bemerkenswerth sind: 1) Hugo, Sohn des 1685 verstorbenen Eduard von Boscawen, war vermählt mit Charlotte Godfrey, einer Nichte von Marlborough (st.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Falmouth — (spr. fállmöth), 1) Stadt (municipal borough) an der Südküste der engl. Grafschaft Cornwall, auf der Westseite eines vorzüglichen Hafens (Carrick Roads), der sich 5 km weit ins Land erstreckt, und dessen Eingang das von Heinrich VIII. erbaute… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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