factory

factorylike, adj.
/fak"teuh ree, -tree/, n., pl. factories.
1. a building or group of buildings with facilities for the manufacture of goods.
2. any place producing a uniform product, without concern for individuality: They call it a law school, but it's just a degree factory.
3. (formerly) an establishment for factors and merchants carrying on business in a foreign country.
[1550-60; < ML factoria. See FACTOR, -Y3]

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Structure in which work is organized to meet the need for production on a large scale usually with power-driven machinery.

In the 17th–18th century, the domestic system of work in Europe began giving way to larger units of production, and capital became available for investment in industrial enterprises. The movement of population from country to city also contributed to change in work methods. Mass production, which transformed the organization of work, came about by the development of the machine-tool industry. With precision equipment, large numbers of identical parts could be produced at low cost and with a small workforce. The assembly line was first widely used in the U.S. meat-packing industry; Henry Ford designed an automobile assembly line in 1913. By mid-1914, chassis assembly time had fallen from 1212 man-hours to 93 man-minutes. Some countries, particularly in Asia and South America, began industrializing in the 1970s and later. See also American System of manufacture.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Factory — Fac to*ry, n.; pl. {Factories} ( r[i^]z). [Cf. F. factorerie.] 1. A house or place where factors, or commercial agents, reside, to transact business for their employers. The Company s factory at Madras. Burke. [1913 Webster] 2. The body of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • factory — 1550s, estate manager s office, from M.Fr. factorie, from L.L. factorium office for agents (factors), also oil press, mill, from L. factor doer, maker (see FACTOR (Cf. factor)). Sense of building for making goods is first attested 1610s. Factory… …   Etymology dictionary

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  • factory — system …   Dictionary of sociology

  • factory — [n] manufacturing plant branch, cooperative, firm, forge, foundry, industry, laboratory, machine shop, manufactory, mill, mint, salt mines*, shop, sweatshop*, warehouse, workroom, works, workshop; concepts 439,441,449 …   New thesaurus

  • factory — ► NOUN (pl. factories) ▪ a building where goods are manufactured or assembled chiefly by machine. ORIGIN Latin factorium oil press …   English terms dictionary

  • factory — [fak′tə rē; ] often [ fak′trē] n. pl. factories [Fr factorie < facteur: see FACTOR] 1. a building or buildings in which things are manufactured; manufacturing plant 2. [< Port feitoria] a trading settlement maintained by factors …   English World dictionary

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