- —examinational, adj./ig zam'euh nay"sheuhn/, n.1. the act of examining; inspection; inquiry; investigation.2. the state of being examined.3. the act or process of testing pupils, candidates, etc., as by questions.4. the test itself; the list of questions asked.5. the answers, statements, etc., made by one examined.6. Law. formal interrogation.[1350-1400; ME examinacioun < L examination- (s. of examinatio). See EXAMINE, -ATION]Syn. 1. observation. EXAMINATION, INSPECTION, SCRUTINY refer to a looking at something. An EXAMINATION usually means a careful noting of details: A thorough examination of the plumbing revealed a defective pipe. An INSPECTION is a formal and official examination: an inspection of records, a military inspection. SCRUTINY implies a critical and minutely detailed examination: The papers seemed to be in good order, but they would not stand close scrutiny. See also investigation.
* * *▪ lawin law, the interrogation of a witness by attorneys or by a judge. In Anglo-American proceedings an examination usually begins with direct examination (called examination in chief in England) by the party who called the witness. After direct examination the attorney for the other party may conduct a cross-examination of the same witness, usually designed to cause him to explain, modify, or possibly contradict the testimony he provided on direct examination. It may be followed by redirect examination and even, in some U.S. jurisdictions, by re-cross-examination.In civil-law systems legal procedure varies from country to country. Examination usually begins with an interrogation of the witness by the judge. In some countries (e.g., Germany), the witness may then be questioned by the attorneys of both parties. In France attorneys' questions may be put to witnesses only through the president of the court.
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examination — ex·am·i·na·tion n: the act or process of examining; esp: a formal questioning esp. in a court proceeding see also cross examination, direct examination, recross examination, redirect examination compare … Law dictionary
Examination — • A process prescribed or assigned for testing qualification; an investigation, inquiry Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Examination Examination … Catholic encyclopedia
examination — ex‧am‧i‧na‧tion [ɪgˌzæmˈneɪʆn] noun 1. [countable, uncountable] when you look closely at something in order to see what it is like or whether it is in good condition: • The cover up was designed to obstruct the auditor s examination of his… … Financial and business terms
Examination — mechanism that is part of the evaluation, which measures a candidate’s competence by one or more means such as written, oral, practical and observational (p. 3.9 ISO/IEC 17024:2003). Источник … Словарь-справочник терминов нормативно-технической документации
Examination — Ex*am i*na tion, n. [L. examinatio: cf. F. examination.] 1. The act of examining, or state of being examined; a careful search, investigation, or inquiry; scrutiny by study or experiment. [1913 Webster] 2. A process prescribed or assigned for… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
examination — [n1] test, analysis assay, audit, battery, blue book*, breakdown, canvass, catechism, checking, checkup, cross examination, diagnosis, dissection, exam, experiment, exploration, final, grilling, inquest, inquiry, inquisition, inspection,… … New thesaurus
examination — [eg zam΄ə nā′shən, igzam΄ə nā′shən] n. [ME examinacioun < OFr examination < L examinatio: see EXAMINE] 1. an examining or being examined; investigation; inspection; checkup; scrutiny; inquiry; testing 2. means or method of examining 3. a… … English World dictionary
Examination — Examination, lat. dtsch, Entseelung, Ohnmacht; Muthlosigkeit … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
examination — late 14c., action of testing or judging; judicial inquiry, from O.Fr. examinacion, from L. examinationem (nom. examinatio), noun of action from pp. stem of examinare (see EXAMINE (Cf. examine)). Sense of test of knowledge is attested from 1610s … Etymology dictionary
examination — inspection, scrutiny, scanning, audit (see under SCRUTINIZE vb) Analogous words: questioning, interrogation, inquiry, catechism, quizzing or quiz (see corresponding verbs at ASK) … New Dictionary of Synonyms
examination — Examination, Examen … Thresor de la langue françoyse