etrog

/es"rohg, -reuhg, et"-/; Seph. Heb. /et rddawg"/; Ashk. Heb. /es rddohg"/, n., pl. etrogs, etrogim Seph. Heb. /et rddaw geem"/; Ashk. Heb. /es rddoh"gim/.
Judaism. a citron for use with the lulav during the Sukkoth festival service. Also, ethrog, esrog.
[ < Heb ethrogh]

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▪ ritual plant
also spelled  Ethrog, or Esrog (Hebrew: “citron”),  plural  Etrogim, Ethrogim, Esrogim, Etrogs, Ethrogs, or Esrogs,  
 one of four species of plants used during the Jewish celebration of Sukkoth (Feast of Booths), a festival of gratitude to God for the bounty of the earth that is celebrated in autumn at the end of the harvest festival. For ritual purposes the etrog must be perfect in stem and body. It is generally placed in an ornate receptacle and was at one time widely used as a symbol of Judaism.

      The other ritual plants used for Sukkoth are a palm branch, or lulab (lulav), myrtle (hadas), and willow (ʿarava). The etrog is held in the left hand during the service while the right hand holds the palm branch with myrtle and willow entwined. On the seventh day of Sukkoth the four species are carried seven times around the synagogue. During the singing of specified Psalms (Hallel), the etrog and lulab are waved upward and downward and toward the four points of the compass to indicate the omnipresence of God.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Etrog — is the Hebrew name for the citron or Citrus medica . This is the standard romanization of the original lettering אֶתְרוֹג, which is according to the Sephardic pronunciation. Some follow the Ashkenazi version calling it esrog or esrig , by others… …   Wikipedia

  • ETROG — (Heb. אֶתְרוֹג), citrus fruit among the Four Species used on Sukkot. The Bible describes what is usually rendered as the fruit of a goodly tree (peri eẓ hadar; Lev. 23:40), traditionally interpreted as being the etrog (Citrus medica). The word… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Etrog — Der Etrog (hebräisch אתרוג, jiddisch Essrig) ist eine gelbgrüne Zitrusfrucht. Es handelt sich um eine Sorte der Zitronatzitrone (Citrus medica cedra). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Etrog — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Etrog (homonymie). L’etrog (hébreu : אתרוג) est l un des cultivars de cédrat (Citrus medica), un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • etrog — variant of ethrog …   Useful english dictionary

  • ETROG, SOREL — (1933– ), sculptor, painter, poet, filmmaker. Etrog was born in Jassy, Romania. In 1950, he immigrated with his family to Israel. He studied at the Israel Institute of Painting and Sculpture in Tel Aviv (1953–55). From 1955 to 1958, he was a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Etrog (disambiguation) — Etrog is the Hebrew word for the Citron or Citrus medica .* For the Jewish religious rite utilizing the fruit; see Etrog* For the particular variety of citron bearing this name; see Variety etrog* Etrog may refer also to the rest of citron… …   Wikipedia

  • Etrog (political term) — Etrog has become an epithet in the Israeli politics for a politician whom journalists prefer not to criticize in order to pave his way to a certain political position, or in order to promote common interests. The first use of this metaphor is… …   Wikipedia

  • Etrog (homonymie) — L’etrog est le nom hébreu du cédrat (citrus medica), utilisé dans la tradition lors de la fête de Souccot. En dérivent : le nom de Sorel Etrog, sculpteur juif canadien, né en Roumanie le prix Etrog, équivalent canadien des Oscars, ainsi… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sorel Etrog — (born August 29, 1933) is a Romanian born Canadian sculptor.Renowned Canadian sculptor and painter Sorel Etrog was born in 1933, leaving his native Romania for Israel in 1950 where he studied at the Tel Aviv Art Institute. His first solo… …   Wikipedia

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