- /ee'sahr had"n/, n. (Assur-akh-iddin)died 669 B.C., king of Assyria 681-669 B.C.
* * *▪ king of Assyriaalso spelled Essarhaddon , Assyrian Ashur-aha-iddina (“Ashur Has Given Me a Brother”)flourished 7th century BCking of Assyria 680–669 BC, a descendant of Sargon II. Esarhaddon is best known for his conquest of Egypt in 671.Although he was a younger son, Esarhaddon had already been proclaimed successor to the throne by his father, Sennacherib, who had appointed him governor of Babylon some time after Sennacherib sacked that city in 689. Sennacherib was murdered (681) by one or more of Esarhaddon's brothers, apparently in an attempt to seize the throne. Marching quickly from the west, Esarhaddon encountered the rebel forces in Hanigalbat (western Assyria), where most of them deserted to him, and their leaders fled. Esarhaddon continued on to Nineveh, where he claimed the throne without opposition.In southern Babylonia, meanwhile, the leader of a Chaldean tribe took advantage of the revolt and attacked the Assyrian governor at Ur. When Esarhaddon sent troops against the chieftain, he fled northeastward, expecting to find asylum in Elam. Instead the new Elamite king summarily executed him. The rebel's brother, however, escaped to Assyria and submitted to Esarhaddon, who appointed him a local ruler in his dead brother's place. This rare instance of Assyrian mercy bore rich dividends, for he remained loyal throughout Esarhaddon's reign.The cities of northern Babylonia, which had suffered severely under Sennacherib, were shown particular favour under Esarhaddon. He restored land to displaced citizens who could make good their claims, and in 678 he took military action against a Chaldean tribe that had encroached on the lands of Borsippa and Babylon.Farther north the pressure of Cimmerians (Cimmerian) and Scythians (Scythian) was being increasingly felt. Esarhaddon is said to have made a marriage alliance with the Scythians to strengthen his position there. The pressure of the Cimmerians continued, however, and Esarhaddon finally lost control of much of the northwestern provinces of Cilicia and Tabal.When Egypt (Egypt, ancient) inspired a revolt of the Phoenician city of Tyre, Esarhaddon attacked Egypt (675); he had little success until 671, when he seized Memphis and defeated the Egyptian king Taharqa, who fled south, leaving the entire country to Esarhaddon. For the first time a Mesopotamian ruler included “king of Egypt” among his royal titles. After the withdrawal of the Assyrian army, Taharqa emerged and attracted a considerable following. Esarhaddon was marching to put down the rebellion in 669 when he died. In 672 Esarhaddon had proclaimed detailed instructions for the succession of two of his sons to the thrones of Assyria and Babylonia, and at his death the successions were carried out smoothly.
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Esarhaddon — (Greek and Biblical form; Akkadian Aššur ahhe iddina Ashur has given a brother to me ), was a king of Assyria who reigned 681 – 669 BC. He was the youngest son of Sennacherib and the Aramean queen Naqi a (Zakitu), Sennacherib s second wife. Rise… … Wikipedia
ESARHADDON — (Akk. Aššur ah (a) iddina, Ashur has given me a brother (for the other siblings); Heb. אֵסַר־חַדּוֹן), king of Assyria from 680 to 669 B.C.E., third ruler of the Sargonid dynasty. Though a younger son, he was preferred for the succession because… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Esarhaddon — (reigned ca. 680 669 b.c.) one of the most accomplished of the kings of the Assyrian Empire and the first to successfully invade Egypt. Esarhaddon and his brothers assassinated their father, Sennacherib, in 681 b.c.; after a struggle among the … Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary
ESARHADDON — (ASHUR AHHE IDDINA in assyrian; reigned 680–669 B.C.) Assyrian king, son and successor of Sennacherib, who had been assassinated in a palace coup. According to Esarhaddon’s own inscriptions, his father had destined him, though the youngest, to … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia
Esarhaddon — King of Assyria 681 669 BC. Esarhaddon was the son of King *Sennacherib and he came into conflict with *Taharka, King of Egypt; details of his campaign against Egypt (which followed his subjugation of Syria) are preserved in cuneiform texts… … Ancient Egypt
Esarhaddon — Assur has given a brother, successor of Sennacherib (2 Kings 19:37; Isa. 37:38). He ascended the throne about B.C. 681. Nothing further is recorded of him in Scripture, except that he settled certain colonists in Samaria (Ezra 4:2). But from… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Esarhaddon — King of Assyria, 681–669 BCE. He exacted tribute from Israel and Judah and rebuilt Babylon, for which he required materials from subject peoples … Dictionary of the Bible
Esarhaddon — /ee sahr had n/, n. (Assur akh iddin) died 669 B.C., king of Assyria 681 669 B.C … Useful english dictionary
Assarhaddón — (Esarhaddon) ► Rey de Asiria en 681 669 a C, hijo de Senaquerib y padre de Assurbanipal. Llevó sus conquistas hasta Egipto … Enciclopedia Universal
Ashurbanipal — King of Assyria Ashurbanipal on a chariot during a royal lion hunt. Reign 668 – c. 627 BC Akkadian … Wikipedia