- —erythrocytic /i rith'reuh sit"ik/, adj./i rith"reuh suyt'/, n. Physiol.See red blood cell.[1890-95; ERYTHRO- + -CYTE]
* * *or red blood cell or red blood corpuscleBlood cell that carries oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues.Hemoglobin gives the celland whole bloodits colour. Red cells are small, round, flexible, and concave on both sides and lack a nucleus. They develop continuously in bone marrow in several stages and are stored in the spleen. The mature form lives 100–120 days. Adult human blood has about 5.2 million red cells per cu mm. Some conditions change their shape (e.g., pernicious anemia, sickle-cell anemia) or number (e.g., anemia, polycythemia).
* * *▪ biologyalso called red blood cellcellular component of blood, millions of which in the circulation of vertebrates give the blood its characteristic colour and carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues. The mature human erythrocyte is small, round, and biconcave; it appears dumbbell-shaped in profile. The cell is flexible and assumes a bell shape as it passes through extremely small blood vessels. It is covered with a membrane composed of lipids and proteins, lacks a nucleus, and contains hemoglobin—a red, iron-rich protein that binds oxygen.The function of the red cell and its hemoglobin is to carry oxygen from the lungs or gills to all the body tissues and to carry carbon dioxide, a waste product of metabolism, to the lungs, where it is excreted. In invertebrates, oxygen-carrying pigment is carried free in the plasma; its concentration in red cells in vertebrates, so that oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged as gases, is more efficient and represents an important evolutionary development. The mammalian erythrocyte is further adapted by lacking a nucleus—the amount of oxygen required by the cell for its own metabolism is thus very low, and most oxygen carried can be freed into the tissues. The biconcave shape of the cell allows oxygen exchange at a constant rate over the largest possible area.The erythrocyte develops in bone marrow in several stages: from a hemocytoblast, a multipotential cell in the mesenchyme, it becomes an erythroblast (normoblast); during two to five days of development, the erythroblast gradually fills with hemoglobin, and its nucleus and mitochondria (particles in the cytoplasm that provide energy for the cell) disappear. In a late stage the cell is called a reticulocyte, which ultimately becomes a fully mature erythrocyte. The average red cell in humans lives 100–120 days; there are some 5.2 million red cells per cubic millimetre of blood in the adult human.Though red cells are usually round, a small proportion are oval in the normal person, and in certain hereditary states a higher proportion may be oval. Some diseases also display red cells of abnormal shape—e.g., oval in pernicious anemia, crescent-shaped in sickle cell anemia, and with projections giving a thorny appearance in the hereditary disorder acanthocytosis. The number of red cells and the amount of hemoglobin vary among different individuals and under different conditions; the number is higher, for example, in persons who live at high altitudes and in the disease polycythemia. At birth the red cell count is high; it falls shortly after birth and gradually rises to the adult level at puberty.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
érythrocyte — [ eritrɔsit ] n. m. • 1897; de érythro et cyte ♦ Biol. Globule rouge du sang. ⇒ hématie. Adj. ÉRYTHROCYTAIRE . ● érythrocyte nom masculin Synonyme de hématie. érythrocyte n. m. BIOL Globule rouge (ou hématie) … Encyclopédie Universelle
Erythrocyte — Érythrocyte Erythrocytes L étude des globules rouges permet … Wikipédia en Français
erythrocyte — erythrocyte. См. эритроцит. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
erythrocyte — ► NOUN ▪ a red blood cell, containing the pigment haemoglobin and transporting oxygen to the tissues … English terms dictionary
erythrocyte — [e rith′rō sīt΄] n. [ ERYTHRO + CYTE] a mature red colored blood cell that normally does not have a nucleus; red blood cell: it is a very small, circular disk with both faces concave, and contains hemoglobin, which carries oxygen to the body… … English World dictionary
Érythrocyte — Érythrocytes L érythrocyte (du grec erythros : rouge et kutos : cellule), ou hématie, plus communément appelé globule rouge, fait partie des éléments figurés du sang. Chez les mammifères, c est une cellule anuclée (dépourvue de noyau… … Wikipédia en Français
erythrocyte — A mature red blood cell. SYN: red blood cell, red corpuscle. [erythro + G. kytos, cell] * * * eryth·ro·cyte i rith rə .sīt n RED BLOOD CELL eryth·ro·cyt·ic .rith rə sit ik … Medical dictionary
erythrocyte — red blood cell; n. a blood cell containing the red pigment haemoglobin, the principal function of which is the transport of oxygen. A mature erythrocyte has no nucleus and its shape is that of a biconcave disc, approximately 7 μm in diameter.… … The new mediacal dictionary
erythrocyte — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: circa 1894 red blood cell • erythrocytic adjective … New Collegiate Dictionary
erythrocyte — red blood cell … Dictionary of ichthyology