Erechtheum

/i rek"thee euhm, er'ik thee"euhm/, n.
a temple at Athens on the Acropolis, begun c420 B.C., having two Ionic porches and a porch of caryatids: regarded as one of the finest examples of classical architecture.
Also, Erechtheion /i rek"thuy euhn, -on', er'ik thuy"euhn/.

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 Ionic temple of Athena, built during 421–405 BC on the Acropolis at Athens, famous largely for its complexity and for the exquisite perfection of its details. The temple's Ionic capitals are the most beautiful that Greece produced, and its distinctive porch, supported by caryatid (q.v.) figures, is unequaled in classical architecture.

      The name, of popular origin, is derived from a shrine dedicated to the Greek hero Erichthonius. It is believed by some that the temple was erected in honour of the legendary king Erechtheus. The architect was probably Mnesicles. In the early 19th century, Lord Elgin took several sections of the temple to London. Later, in the early 20th century, it was somewhat restored.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Erechtheum — [er΄ek thē′əm] n. [Gr Erechtheion < Erechtheus, lit., the render, a mythical king of Athens supposedly entombed there < erechthein, to rend, break < IE base * rekth , to harm > Sans ráksas , torment] temple on the Acropolis in Athens …   English World dictionary

  • Erechtheum — The Erechtheum ( el. Έρέχθειον Erechtheion) is an ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens in Greece, notable for a design that is both elegant and unusual.ArchitectureThe temple as seen today was built between 421 and… …   Wikipedia

  • Erechtheum — n. (built 421 405 BC) temple of Athena Polias, one of the classical temples located on the Acropolis in Athens (Greece) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Erechtheum — /əˈrɛkθiəm/ (say uh rektheeuhm) noun a temple of Ionic order on the Acropolis of Athens, built c. 420 BC and one of the most perfect examples of Greek architecture, notable for its porches of different height, supported by caryatids …   Australian English dictionary

  • Erechtheum — Ere|ch|thei|on, Ere|ch|the|um, das; s (Tempel des Erechtheus in Athen) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • Erechtheum — /i rek thee euhm, er ik thee euhm/, n. a temple at Athens on the Acropolis, begun c420 B.C., having two Ionic porches and a porch of caryatids: regarded as one of the finest examples of classical architecture. Also, Erechtheion /i rek thuy euhn,… …   Useful english dictionary

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