- an ocean current that flows E between the west-flowing equatorial currents. Also called Cromwell Current.
* * *current phenomenon noted near the equator, an eastward flow of oceanic water in opposition to and flanked by the westward equatorial currents of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. Lying primarily between latitude 3° and 10° N, the countercurrents shift south during the northern winter and north during the summer. To either side the trade winds blow constantly and push great volumes of water westward in the equatorial currents, raising the sea level in the west. Within the doldrums, where strong constant winds are absent, the higher western sea levels flow downslope to the east. The Pacific Equatorial Countercurrent is very strong and is definable year-round. The Atlantic Equatorial Countercurrent is strongest off the coast of Ghana (Africa), where it is known as the Guinea Current. The countercurrent of the Indian Ocean flows only during the northern winter and only south of the equator.
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Equatorial Countercurrent — an ocean current that flows E between the west flowing equatorial currents. Also called Cromwell Current … Useful english dictionary
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North Equatorial Current — The North Equatorial Current is a significant Pacific and Atlantic Ocean current that flows east to west between about 10° north and 20° north. It is the southern side of a clockwise subtropical gyre. Despite its name, the North Equatorial… … Wikipedia
Pacific Ocean — an ocean bordered by the American continents, Asia, and Australia: largest ocean in the world; divided by the equator into the North Pacific and the South Pacific. 70,000,000 sq. mi. (181,300,000 sq. km); greatest known depth, 35,433 ft. (10,800… … Universalium
Townsend Cromwell — (1922 1958) was an oceanographer who discovered the Cromwell current whilst researching drifting in the equatorial region of the Pacific Ocean. He died in 1958 when his plane crashed while he was en route to an oceanography expedition.The… … Wikipedia
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Monsoon Current — ▪ ocean current also called Monsoon Drift surface current of the northern Indian Ocean. Unlike the Atlantic and Pacific, both of which have strong currents circulating clockwise north of the Equator, the northern Indian Ocean has surface … Universalium