Enugu

/ay nooh"gooh/, n.
a city in SE Nigeria. 172,000.

* * *

      town, capital of Enugu state, south-central Nigeria, at the foot of the Udi Plateau. It is on the railroad from Port Harcourt, 150 miles (240 km) south-southwest, and at the intersection of roads from Aba, Onitsha, and Abakaliki. The town owes its existence to the discovery of coal on the plateau in 1909, which led to the building of Port Harcourt. With the completion of the railway from the port in 1916, Enugu developed rapidly. Its name, enu Ugwu, meaning “at the top of the hill,” comes from the traditional Igbo (Ibo) village of Enugu Ngwo on the plateau. The headquarters (1939–51) of the Eastern provinces and the regional capital (1951–67) of Eastern Nigeria, it served briefly (May–October 1967) as the provisional capital of the secessionist Republic of Biafra until its capture by federal troops.

      Coal mining is still important, but Enugu's economy became more diversified in the 1960s. Near the town's airport, 7 miles (11 km) east, is the industrial estate of Emene, where steel rods, asbestos cement products, and oxygen and acetylene gases are manufactured. Enugu also has a railway workshop, an automobile assembly plant, furniture and pottery factories, a sawmill, and smaller textile and foodstuff enterprises. A cement plant at Nkalagu, 33 miles (53 km) east, uses Enugu coal and supplies Emene's cement plant. Enugu is also a trade centre for the yams, cassava (manioc), taro, corn (maize), pigeon peas, rice, onions, and cattle raised by the Igbo people of the surrounding area and is a railway collecting point for timber from Obubra and cashew nuts from nearby Oghe.

      Enugu is an educational as well as a governmental and industrial centre. It is the site of the University of Nigeria (1960). It is likewise the site of the Enugu State University of Science and Technology (1980) and the Institute of Management and Technology. The state library and a radio station are also located there. Pop. (2006) local government area, 722,664.

      state, south-central Nigeria. It was created in 1991 from the eastern two-thirds of Anambra state. Enugu is bounded by the states of Kogi and Benue to the north, Ebonyi to the east, Abia to the south, and Anambra to the west. It includes most of the Udi-Nsukka Plateau, which rises to more than 1,000 feet (300 m). Enugu state is covered by open grassland, with occasional woodlands and clusters of oil palm trees. The Igbo (Ibo) constitute the majority of the state's population.

      Agriculture plays an important role in the state's economy; yams, oil palm products, taro, corn (maize), rice, and cassava (manioc) are the main crops. Enugu, the state capital, is a major centre for coal mining. Iron ore also is mined, and deposits of limestone, fine clay, marble, and silica sand are worked. Industries include textile manufacturing, food processing, lumbering, soft-drink bottling, brewing, and furniture manufacturing. A network of roads connects Enugu town with Awgu, Ezzangbo, and Nsukka. Enugu also is linked by the eastern branch of the Nigerian Railways with Port Harcourt, and it has an airport. The University of Nigeria was founded at Nsukka in 1960. Pop. (2006) 3,257,298.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Enugu — (or Enugwu) is the capital city of Enugu State, Nigeria. It has a population of 688,862 (2007 estimate). The people of Enugu belong largely to the Igbo ethnic group, which is one of the three largest ethnic groups in Nigeria. The name Enugu comes …   Wikipedia

  • Enugu — Administration Pays   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Enugu — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ubicación de el Estado de Enugu en el mapa nigeriano. El Estado de Enugu es uno de los treinta y seis estados pertenecientes a la República Federal de Nigeria. Localidades Este estado se subdivide internamente en un… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Enugu — bezeichnet: einen Bundesstaat in Nigeria, siehe Enugu (Bundesstaat) dessen Hauptort, siehe Enugu (Nigeria) dessen Fußballmannschaft Enugu Rangers International Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Enugu — Enugu,   1) Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Enugu in Südostnigeria, 316 100 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; technologisches College; Lkw Montagewerk (Mercedes Benz), Zementwerk; Bahnstation; im Nordosten Walzwerk für Baustahl und Flughafen;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Enugu — v. du Nigeria; 234 000 hab.; cap. de l état du m. nom. à proximité, mines de charbon et de fer; industries …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Enugu — Original name in latin Enugu Name in other language ENU, Ehnugu, Enuga, Enugu, Enugwu, Engwu, ai nu gu, enugu, Енугу, Энугу, ngu State code NG Continent/City Africa/Lagos longitude 6.4402 latitude 7.4943 altitude 200 Population 688862 Date 2012… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Enugu — /ɛˈnugu/ (say e noohgooh) noun 1. a city in southern Nigeria, capital of the state of Enugu; coalmining. 2. a state in southern Nigeria …   Australian English dictionary

  • Enugu — ► C. del S de Nigeria, cap. del estado de Anambra; 278 900 h. Fue cap. provisional de la República de Biafra en 1967 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Enugu — E•nu•gu [[t]eɪˈnu gu[/t]] n. geg a city in SE Nigeria. 279,000 …   From formal English to slang

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.