enchondroma

enchondromatous /en'keuhn drom"euh teuhs, -droh"meuh-/, adj.
/en'keuhn droh"meuh/, n., pl. enchondromas, enchondromata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol.
a growth of cartilage within the shaft or substance of a bone.
[1840-50; < NL < Gk en- EN-2 + chóndr(os) cartilage + -oma -OMA]

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tumour
      solitary benign cartilaginous tumour that occurs mostly in the shafts of bones of the hands and feet, usually between adolescence and about age 50. Enchondromas are slow-growing tumours. As they grow, they expand and thin the cortex of the parent bone, producing considerable deformity. They may also erupt through their bony covering and project outward into the surrounding soft tissues. Enchondromas tend to be painless but are potential sources of a malignant cartilage-forming tumour called chondrosarcoma. Treatment includes curettage (scraping) or complete surgical excision. The solitary enchondroma is morphologically identical with the lesions produced in enchondromatosis (also called Ollier disease).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Enchondroma — En chon*dro ma, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? in + ? cartilage + oma.] (Med.) A cartilaginous tumor growing from the interior of a bone. Quain …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • enchondroma — [en΄kän drō′mə] n. pl. enchondromata [en΄kän drō′mə tə] or enchondromas [ModL < Gr en, in + chondros, cartilage (see CHONDRO ) + OMA] a benign cartilaginous tumor enchondromatous [en΄kändräm′ə təs, en΄kändrō′mə təs] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Enchondroma — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 33380 ICD10 = ICD9 = ICDO = 9220/0 OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D002812An Enchondroma is a cartilage cyst found in the bone marrow. Typically, enchondroma is …   Wikipedia

  • enchondroma — A benign cartilaginous growth starting within the medullary cavity of a bone originally formed from cartilage; enchondromas may distend the cortex, especially of small bones, and may be solitary or multiple (endochondromatosis). [Mod. L. fr. G.… …   Medical dictionary

  • enchondroma — noun a cartilage cyst found in the bone marrow …   Wiktionary

  • enchondroma — n. cartilaginous tumor within a bone (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • enchondroma — en·chon·dro·ma …   English syllables

  • enchondroma — n.; pl. enchondromata a benign cartilaginous tumour (see chondroma) occurring within cortical bone, usually in the short tubular bones of the hands and feet. Such tumours are usually solitary and asymptomatic, but an enlarging lesion may fracture …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • enchondroma — /ɛnkənˈdroʊmə/ (say enkuhn drohmuh) noun (plural enchondromas or enchondromata /ɛnkənˈdroʊmətə/ (say enkuhn drohmuhtuh)) a tumour which consists essentially of cartilage. {en 2 + Greek chondros cartilage + oma} –enchondromatous /ɛnkənˈdrɒmətəs/… …   Australian English dictionary

  • enchondroma — A benign (noncancerous) growth of cartilage in bones or in other areas where cartilage is not normally found …   English dictionary of cancer terms

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