elector

/i lek"teuhr/, n.
1. a person who elects or may elect, esp. a qualified voter.
2. a member of the electoral college of the U.S.
3. (usually cap.) one of the German princes entitled to elect the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
[1425-75; late ME electo(u)r < LL elector chooser, equiv. to eleg-, var. s. of eligere (see ELECT) + -tor -TOR]

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German Kurfürst.

Prince of the Holy Roman Empire who had a right to participate in electing the German emperor.

Beginning с 1273, and with the confirmation of the Golden Bull, there were seven electors: the archbishops of Trier, Mainz, and Cologne; the duke of Saxony; the count palatine of the Rhine; the margrave of Brandenburg; and the king of Bohemia. Other electorates were created much later for Bavaria (1623–1778), Hanover (1708), and Hesse-Kassel (1803), but by the 17th century the electors' office had become meaningless because the Habsburg dynasty produced the de facto emperors. The office disappeared when the empire was abolished in 1806.

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▪ German prince
German  Kurfürst,  

      prince of the Holy Roman Empire who had a right to participate in the election of the emperor (the German king). Beginning around 1273 and with the confirmation of the Golden Bull of 1356, there were seven electors: the archbishops of Trier, Mainz, and Cologne; the duke of Saxony; the count palatine of the Rhine; the margrave of Brandenburg; and the king of Bohemia. Other electorates were created later for Bavaria (1623–1778), Hanover (from 1708), and Hesse-Kassel (from 1803). The fact that the house of Habsburg had established a de facto claim to the imperial crown made the electors' basic right nugatory by the 17th century. The office disappeared with the abolition of the empire in 1806, though the ruler of Hesse-Kassel continued to use the title until later in the 19th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • elector — ELECTÓR, OÁRE, electori, oare, subst. 1. s.m. şi f. Persoană care are mandat din partea unui grup de oameni să aleagă prin vot pe cineva. ♦ (înv.) Persoană care reuşea să obţină un mare număr de voturi pentru partidul său. 2. s.m. (În Imperiul… …   Dicționar Român

  • elector — elec·tor n 1: a person who is qualified to vote 2: a member of the electoral college in the U.S. Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. elector …   Law dictionary

  • elector — mid 15c., from L. elector chooser, selecter, agent noun from pp. stem of eligere (see ELECTION (Cf. election)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • elector — elector, ra adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. Que vota o tiene derecho a hacerlo: el público elector, un grupo de electores …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • elector — elector, ra (Del lat. elector, ōris). 1. adj. Que elige o tiene potestad o derecho de elegir. U. t. c. s.) 2. m. Cada uno de los príncipes de Alemania a quienes correspondía la elección y nombramiento de emperador …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • elector — [ē lek′tər, ilek′tər] n. [ME electour < L elector] 1. a person who elects; specif., a qualified voter 2. a member of the electoral college 3. [transl. of Ger Kurfürst, lit., choosing prince] [usually E ] any of the German princes of the Holy… …   English World dictionary

  • Elector — E*lect or, a. [Cf. F. [ e]lectoral.] Pertaining to an election or to electors. [1913 Webster] In favor of the electoral and other princes. Burke. [1913 Webster] {Electoral college}, the body of princes formerly entitled to elect the Emperor of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Elector — E*lect or, n. [L., fr. eligere: cf. F. [ e]lecteur.] 1. One who elects, or has the right of choice; a person who is entitled to take part in an election, or to give his vote in favor of a candidate for office. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Elector — steht als aus dem Englischen übernommene Bezeichnung für eine Wahlmann, siehe Electoral College als aus dem Lateinischen übernommene Bezeichnung für einen Kurfürsten Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung me …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elector — (lat.), 1) Erwählter, 2) Kurfürst; daher Electoratus, Kurfürstenwürde, Kurfürstenthum …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Eléctor — (lat.; frz. électeur, spr. töhr), Wähler, Erwähler; Wahlfürst, Kurfürst; Electorātus (Elektorāt), Kurfürstentum, Kurfürstenwürde …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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