elbow

/el"boh/, n.
1. the bend or joint of the human arm between upper arm and forearm.
2. the corresponding joint in the forelimb of a quadruped. See diag. under horse.
3. something bent like an elbow, as a sharp turn in a road or river, or a piece of pipe bent at an angle.
4. Archit. crossette.
5. Also called ell, el. a plumbing pipe or pipe connection having a right-angled bend.
6. at one's elbow, within easy reach; nearby: A virtue of the cottage is that the ocean is at your elbow.
7. bend, lift, or crook an elbow, Informal. to drink alcoholic beverages.
8. give the elbow, shove aside, get rid of, or reject.
9. out at the elbows,
a. poorly dressed; shabby.
b. impoverished. Also, out at elbows.
10. rub elbows with, to mingle socially with; associate with: a resort where royalty rubs elbows with the merely rich.
11. up to one's elbows, very busy; engrossed: I am up to my elbows in answering mail. Also, up to the elbows.
v.t.
12. to push with or as if with the elbow; jostle.
13. to make (one's way) by so pushing.
v.i.
14. to elbow one's way: He elbowed through the crowd.
[bef. 1000; ME elbowe, OE el(n)boga; c. MD elle(n)boghe, OHG el(l)inbogo (G Ellenbogen), ON ol(n)bogi; lit., "forearm-bend." See ELL2, BOW1]

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      in human anatomy, hinge joint formed by the meeting of the humerus (bone of the upper arm) and the radius and ulna (bones of the forearm). The elbow allows the bending and extension of the forearm, and it also allows the rotational movements of the radius and ulna that enable the palm of the hand to be turned upward or downward.

      The elbow forms from the expansion of the lower end of the humerus into two thick knobs, or condyles: the humerus' dome-shaped lateral condyle articulates with a shallow depression on the end of the radius, and the humerus' spool-shaped trochlea fits into a notch in the ulna. In addition, the edge of the radius' head fits into a shallow groove on the side of the ulna. The bending and extension of the elbow joint are achieved, respectively, by contractions of the biceps and triceps muscles. These movements chiefly involve only the humerus and ulna; rotation of the forearm involves the smaller radius bone as well.

      The elbow is especially susceptible to stress injuries, although its surrounding capsule contains cushioning synovial membranes and is reinforced by ligaments (ligament). Thick lateral ligaments support the hinge action of the humerus–ulna junction, and a strong annular ligament around the upper part of the radius helps to hold that bone in place. These ligaments prevent the forward displacement of the forearm bones, but acute stresses can produce rearward dislocations of them. Attempts to force elbow movement past full extension of the arm (180 degrees) tear the joint's protective capsule, producing elbow sprains, while chronic and repeated stressful motions, such as the rotation of the forearm in some sports, can cause pain from overuse of the joint (tennis elbow).

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elbow — Марк Поттер (слева) и Гай Гарви Основная информация …   Википедия

  • Elbow — El bow, n. [AS. elboga, elnboga (akin to D. elleboga, OHG. elinbogo, G. ellbogen, ellenbogen, Icel. ?lnbogi; prop.; arm bend); eln ell (orig., forearm) + boga a bending. See 1st {Ell}, and 4th {Bow}.] 1. The joint or bend of the arm; the outer… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Elbow — El bow, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Elbowed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Elbowing}.] To push or hit with the elbow, as when one pushes by another. [1913 Webster] They [the Dutch] would elbow our own aldermen off the Royal Exchange. Macaulay. [1913 Webster] {To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Elbow — steht für folgende Orte: Elbow (Saskatchewan), Ort in Kanada Elbow (Texas), Ort in den Vereinigten Staaten weiteres Bedeutungen: Elbow (Band) Siehe auch Elbow Lake Diese Seite i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • elbow — c.1200, elbowe, from O.E. elnboga, from ell length of the forearm + boga bow, arch, from W.Gmc. *alinobogan, from P.Gmc. *elino bugon, lit. bend of the forearm (Cf. M.Du. ellenboghe, Du. elleboog, O.H.G. elinbogo, Ger. Ellenbogen, O.N …   Etymology dictionary

  • elbow — ► NOUN 1) the joint between the forearm and the upper arm. 2) a piece of piping or something similar bent through an angle. ► VERB 1) strike with one s elbow. 2) push roughly away. 3) (often elbow one s way) move by pushing past people with one s …   English terms dictionary

  • elbow — [el′bō΄] n. [ME elbowe < OE elboga < PGmc * alino boga (> Ger ellenbogen): see ELL2 & BOW2] 1. a) the joint between the upper and lower arm; esp., the outer part of the angle made by a bent arm b) the joint corresponding to this in the… …   English World dictionary

  • Elbow — El bow, v. i. 1. To jut into an angle; to project or to bend after the manner of an elbow. [1913 Webster] 2. To push rudely along; to elbow one s way. Purseproud, elbowing Insolence. Grainger. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • elbow — [n] angular part of arm; angularly shaped item ancon, angle, bend, bow, corner, crazy bone*, crook, crutch, curve, fork, funny bone*, half turn, hinge, joint, turn; concepts 418,436 elbow [v] push aside bend, bulldoze, bump, crowd, hook, hustle,… …   New thesaurus

  • Elbow — Elbow, Eiland der Gruppe Bahamas, s.d. 1) A) c) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • elbow — index jostle (bump into) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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