elative

/ee"leuh tiv, el"euh-/, Gram.
adj.
1. noting a case, as in Finnish, whose function is to indicate motion out of or away from.
n.
2. an elative case.
3. an adjectival form, as in Arabic, denoting intensity or superiority, approximately equivalent to the comparative and superlative of other languages.
[1585-95; < L elat(us) (see ELATE) + -IVE]

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elative — has two slightly differing meanings in the grammar of two language groups:*Elative case, a grammatical case, in e.g., the Finno Ugric languages *Elative (gradation), a category of comparison similar to the superlative in, e.g., the Semitic… …   Wikipedia

  • Elative — E*la tive, a. (Gram.) Raised; lifted up; a term applied to what is also called the absolute superlative, denoting a high or intense degree of a quality, but not excluding the idea that an equal degree may exist in other cases. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • elative — noun a) In Semitic languages, the “adjective of superiority.” In some languages such as Arabic, the concepts of comparative and superlative degree of an adjective are merged into a single form, the elative. How this form is understood or… …   Wiktionary

  • elative — I. ˈēləd.iv, ˈel adjective Etymology: Latin elatus + English ive of a grammatical case : denoting motion away from II. noun ( s) Etymology: Latin …   Useful english dictionary

  • elative — См. elativo …   Пятиязычный словарь лингвистических терминов

  • elative — indicating movement out of or away from Grammatical Cases …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • elative — ela·tive …   English syllables

  • elative — /əˈleɪtɪv/ (say uh laytiv) adjective 1. having a superlative or intensive function. 2. denoting a grammatical case used in some languages to express motion away from. –noun 3. a superlative or intensifier. {Latin ēlātus elevated + ive} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Elative (gradation) — In Semitic linguistics, the elative is a stage of gradation in Arabic that can be used both for a global maximum (see superlative) and for comparison (see comparative). The Arabic elative has a special inflection similar to that of color… …   Wikipedia

  • Elative case — See Elative for disambiguation. Elative (from Latin efferre to bring or carry out ) is a locative case with the basic meaning out of .In Finnish elative is typically formed by adding sta/stä , in Estonian by adding st to the genitive stem. In… …   Wikipedia

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