eisteddfod

eisteddfodic, adj.
/uy stedh"vod, ay stedh"-/, n., pl. eisteddfods, eisteddfodau /ay'stedh vod"uy, uy'stedh-/.
(in Wales) an annual festival, with competitions among poets and musicians.
[1815-25; < Welsh: lit., session, equiv. to eistedd sitting + fod, var. (by lenition) of bod being]

* * *

Formal assembly of Welsh bards and minstrels that originated in the traditions of medieval court bards.

Early eisteddfods were competitions of musicians (especially harpists) and poets from which new musical, literary, and oratorical forms emerged. The assembly at Carmarthen in 1451 authoritatively established the arrangement of the strict metres of Welsh poetry. The modern annual National Eisteddfod, revived in the 19th century, includes awards for music, prose, drama, and art, but the investiture of the winning poet remains its high point.

* * *

▪ Welsh literary assembly
Welsh“session”plural  eisteddfods , or  eisteddfodau 

      formal assembly of Welsh bards and minstrels that originated in the traditions of court bards of medieval times. The modern National Eisteddfod, revived in the 19th century and held each summer alternately in a site in North or South Wales, has been broadened to include awards for music, prose, drama, and art, but the chairing and investiture of the winning poet remains its high point.

      Earlier assemblies were competitions of musicians (especially harpists) and poets from which new musical, literary, and oratorical forms emerged. The assembly at Carmarthen (c. 1451) is famous for establishing the arrangement of the strict metres of Welsh poetry in forms that are still authoritative. In the 17th century the custom fell into disuse, though poetry remained a popular art and a form of eisteddfod survived in informal gatherings of rhymesters who met to compose verses on impromptu subjects. In the 18th century, when local eisteddfods were revived, it was apparent that many ordinary farmers and workingmen were still sufficiently skilled in the complicated craftsmanship of bardic versification to win prizes. In the 19th century the eisteddfod exerted a dominant influence on Welsh poetry through its annual national assembly and a number of local competitions. It was in this period that the eisteddfod became associated with the pseudo-Druidical ceremonies of the Welsh scholar and author Iolo Morganwg (Edward Williams). Though it succeeded in preserving the bardic forms, eisteddfod poetry was generally of mediocre quality and degenerated to its lowest level in the late 19th century. But throughout the 20th century the eisteddfod was a vital forum for Welsh-language culture, and its competitions produced a number of important poems. See also awdl.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eisteddfod — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Eisteddfod es una festividad de origen galés, que comenzó a celebrarse en el siglo XII, cuando el conde Rhys ap Gruffyddd de Deheubarth organizó esta festividad y competición de poesía y música, en Cardigan en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eisteddfod — Eis*tedd fod ([=a]s*t[e^][th] v[=o]d), n. [W., session, fr. eistedd to sit.] An assembly or session of the Welsh bards; an annual congress of bards, minstrels and literati of Wales, being a patriotic revival of the old custom. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Eisteddfod — (vom kymrischen eistedd, sitzen), die Versammlungen der Barden (s.d.) von Wales zu Wettgesängen, Disputationen etc., bestanden bis 1681 in Bewpyr Castle; 1819 erneuert …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eisteddfod —   [eis teȓvɔd; keltisch »Sitzung«], ursprünglich Versammlung der Barden in Wales, die der Festlegung von Regeln für die Dichtkunst und der Organisation als Gilde dienten; heute Festveranstaltung mit Wettkämpfen auf den Gebieten Musik, Literatur,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Eisteddfod — annual assembly of Welsh bards, 1822, from Welsh, lit. session, from eistedd to sit (from sedd seat, cognate with L. sedere; see SEDENTARY (Cf. sedentary)) + bod to be (cognate with O.E. beon; see BE (Cf. be)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • eisteddfod — ► NOUN (pl. eisteddfods or eisteddfodau) ▪ a competitive festival of music and poetry in Wales. ORIGIN Welsh, session …   English terms dictionary

  • eisteddfod — [īs teth′vôd΄] n. pl. eisteddfods or eisteddfodau Welsh [īs΄teth vôd′ī΄] [Welsh, a sitting, session < * eistedd, to sit (< * eitsedd < IE * aty en sed < base * sed > L sedere, SIT] a yearly meeting in Wales of poets, musicians, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Eisteddfod — An eisteddfod (pronEng|aɪˈstɛðvəd, Welsh IPA2|ə(i)ˈstɛðvɔd; plural eisteddfodau IPA| [ stɛðˈvɔdaɨ] or eisteddfods ) is a Welsh festival of literature, music and performance. The tradition of such a meeting of Welsh artists dates back to at least… …   Wikipedia

  • Eisteddfod — Poète Robin Owain, 1991 Eisteddfod Une eisteddfod (au pluriel eisteddfodau) est un festival gallois de littérature, musique et théâtre où des compétitions suivies de remises de prix ont lieu dans diverses disciplines autour de la langue galloise …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eisteddfod — Robin Owain; Eisteddfod 1991 Das Eisteddfod ([eiˈstɛðvɔd], Plural Eisteddfodau, aus dem Walisischen eistedd = sitzen) ist ein Fest der Literatur, der Musik und des Gesangs in Wales. Die Tradition dieses Künstlertreffens geht zurück auf das erste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.