/uy"zeuh nahkh'/, n.
a city in central Germany. 50,026.

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 city, Thuringia Land (state), central Germany. It lies on the northwestern slopes of the Thuringian Forest, at the confluence of the Hörsel and Nesse rivers, west of the city of Erfurt. Founded by the landgraves of Thuringia about 1150, Eisenach fell to the Saxon house of Wettin in 1264 and was chartered in 1283. It was intermittently the seat of a separate Saxon duchy between 1596 and 1741, when it fell to Saxe-Weimar. In 1817 the festival of the national political student movement took place there. The German Nationalverein (National Society) to promote unification was founded in Eisenach in 1859, and in 1869 the Social Democratic Workers' Party was founded at the Congress of Eisenach.

 Tourism thrives, and industries include the manufacture of motor vehicles, machinery, metal and wood products, chemicals, and electrotechnical goods. Eisenach is a centre of the important Werra potash field. Notable landmarks include the Romanesque Church of St. Nicholas; the Gothic St. George's Church; the Thuringian Museum in the former ducal palace (1742–45); the 13th-century Dominican Church; the Lutherhaus, where Martin Luther (Luther, Martin) stayed as a schoolboy; museums in memory of the composers Johann S. Bach (Bach, Johann Sebastian) (born at Eisenach in 1685) and Richard Wagner (Wagner, Richard) and the novelist Fritz Reuter (Reuter, Fritz); and a botanical garden. On a hill above the city is the Wartburg, an ancient castle of the landgraves, where Luther began his translation of the Bible; the castle was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1999. Pop. (2003 est.) 44,081.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eisenach — Eisenach …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eisenach — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Escudo Mapa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eisenach — Eisenach, Stadt im Großherzogtum Sachsen Weimar E. und Hauptstadt des III. Verwaltungsbezirks, am Nordwestende des Thüringer Waldes, am Zusammenfluß der Neffe und Hörsel, Knotenpunkt der Staatsbahnlinien Bebra Weißenfels und E. Lichtenfels, 221 m …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eisenach — Eisenach, 1) der westliche Theil des Großherzogthums Sachsen Weimar, umfaßt das alte Fürstenthum E., die ehemals Hennebergischen Ämter Ostheim u. Kaltennordheim (Enclave in Baiern), die Fuldaischen Districte Geisa u. Dermbach, die hessischen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Eisenach — Eisenach, Bezirksstadt in S. Weimar, an der Nesse und Hörsel, (1900) 31.580 E., Garnison, Land , Amtsgericht, Schloß, Forstakademie, Lehrerseminar, höhere Mädchenschule mit Lehrerinnenseminar, Burschenschaftsdenkmal, Richard Wagner , Fritz Reuter …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eisenach — Eisenach, sächs. weimarsche Stadt an der thüring. sächs. Eisenbahn mit 10000 E., welche Wollenwaaren und chemische Fabrikate liefern; Gymnasium, Schullehrerseminar, Forstinstitut. In der Nähe die berühmte Wartburg …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Eisenach — es una ciudad del estado federado aleman de Turingia. * * * ► C. del SO de Alemania, en el distrito de Erfurt; 50 909 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eisenach — ville d Allemagne (Thuringe); 50 670 hab. Industries. Aux environs, chât. de la Wartburg, berceau de la Réforme. J. S. Bach y naquit …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Eisenach — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eisenach — Infobox German Location Art = Stadt Wappen = Wappen Eisenach.png lat deg = 50 |lat min = 58 |lat sec = 34 lon deg = 10 |lon min = 19 |lon sec = 14 Bundesland = Thüringen Landkreis = Kreisfreie Stadt Höhe = 220 Fläche = 103.84 Einwohner = 43626… …   Wikipedia

  • Eisenach — Ei|se|n|ach: Stadt am Thüringer Wald. * * * Eisenach,   Große kreisangehörige Stadt im Wartburgkreis, Thüringen, 220 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Nordwestrand des Thüringer Waldes, an der Hörsel, überragt von der Wartburg, 46 000 Einwohner; Sitz …   Universal-Lexikon

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