Eiffel Tower

a tower of skeletal iron construction in Paris, France: built for the exposition of 1889. 984 ft. (300 m) high.
[named after A. G. EIFFEL, its engineer and principal designer]

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Parisian landmark built for the Centennial Exposition of 1889.

Conceived by the bridge engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832–1923), the 984-ft (300-m) tower of open-lattice wrought iron was a technological masterpiece. Making use of advanced knowledge of the behavior of metal arch and truss forms under loading, the structure presaged a revolution in civil engineering and architectural design. The tower was the world's tallest building until completion of the Chrysler Building in 1930.

The Eiffel Tower, Paris, designed by Gustave Eiffel, 1887–89.

Giraudon/Art Resource, New York

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French  Tour Eiffel 
  Parisian landmark that is also a technological masterpiece in building-construction history. When the French government was organizing the International Exposition of 1889 to celebrate the centenary of the French Revolution, a competition was held for designs for a suitable monument. More than 100 plans were submitted, and the Centennial Committee accepted that of the noted bridge engineer Gustave Eiffel (Eiffel, Gustave). Eiffel's concept of a 984-foot (300-metre) tower built almost entirely of open-lattice wrought iron aroused amazement, skepticism, and no little opposition on aesthetic grounds. When completed, the tower served as the entrance gateway to the exposition.

      Nothing remotely like the Eiffel Tower had ever been built; it was twice as high as the dome of St. Peter's in Rome or the Great Pyramid of Giza. In contrast to such older monuments, the tower was erected in only about two years (1887–89), with a small labour force, at slight cost. Making use of his advanced knowledge of the behaviour of metal arch and metal truss forms under loading, Eiffel designed a light, airy, but strong structure that presaged a revolution in civil engineering and architectural design. And, after it opened to the public on March 31, 1889, it ultimately vindicated itself aesthetically.

 The Eiffel Tower stands on four lattice-girder piers that taper inward and join to form a single large vertical tower. As they curve inward, the piers are connected to each other by networks of girders at two levels that afford viewing platforms for tourists. By contrast, the four semicircular arches at the tower's base are purely aesthetic elements that serve no structural function. Because of their unique shape, which was dictated partly by engineering considerations but also partly by Eiffel's artistic sense, the piers required elevators to ascend on a curve; the glass-cage machines designed by the Otis Elevator Company of the United States became one of the principal features of the building, helping establish it as one of the world's premier tourist attractions.

      The tower itself is 300 metres (984 feet) high. It rests on a base that is 5 metres (17 feet) high, and a television antenna atop the tower gives it a total elevation of 324 metres (1,063 feet). The Eiffel Tower was the tallest man-made structure in the world until the topping off of the Chrysler Building in New York City in 1929.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eiffel Tower — [ī′fəl] n. [after A. G. Eiffel (1832 1923), Fr engineer who designed it] tower of iron framework in Paris, built for the International Exposition of 1889: 984 ft (300 m) high …   English World dictionary

  • Eiffel Tower — erected in the Champ de Mars for the Paris Universal Exposition of 1889; at 984.25 feet the world s tallest structure at the time. Designed by French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832 1923) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Eiffel Tower — Infobox Skyscraper caption=The Eiffel Tower as seen from the Champ de Mars building name=Eiffel Tower location=Paris, France roof=convert|300.65|m|ft|0 antenna spire=convert|324|m|ft|0 built=1887 – 1889 engineer=Gustave Eiffel architect=Gustave… …   Wikipedia

  • Eiffel Tower — (la Tour Eiffel)    The large wrought iron tower in Paris, which is both a city and a national landmark, the Eiffel Tower is an early example of wrought iron construction on a massive scale. It was designed and built (1887 89) by the French civil …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Eiffel Tower —    The Eiffel Tower was erected for the 1889 Paris Universal Exposition. The designer for this latticework iron tower was France s most renowned authority on iron construction, civil engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832 1923). Eiffel had… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • Eiffel Tower — Eif|fel Tow|er the Eiffel Tower a 300 metre high metal tower in Paris, completed in 1889. It is often used as a ↑symbol representing Paris or France …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Eiffel Tower — /aɪfəl ˈtaʊə/ (say uyfuhl towuh) noun a tower of skeletal iron construction in Paris; built for the exhibition of 1889. 300 m high. {named after Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, 1832–1923, French engineer whose firm built the tower, based on the concept …   Australian English dictionary

  • Eiffel Tower — Eif′fel Tow′er [[t]ˈaɪ fəl[/t]] n. geg a tower of skeletal iron construction in Paris, France: built for the exposition of 1889. 984 ft. (300 m) high • Etymology: after A. G. Eiffel (1832–1923), its engineer and principal designer …   From formal English to slang

  • Eiffel Tower — noun a wrought iron tower 300 meters high that was constructed in Paris in 1889; for many years it was the tallest man made structure • Instance Hypernyms: ↑tower • Part Holonyms: ↑Paris, ↑City of Light, ↑French capital, ↑capital of France …   Useful english dictionary

  • EIFFEL TOWER —    a structure erected on the banks of the Seine in Paris, the loftiest in the world, being 985 ft. in height, and visible from all parts of the city; it consists of three platforms, of which the first is as high as the towers of Notre Dame; the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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