eider

/uy"deuhr/, n.
1. See eider duck.
2. eiderdown.
[1735-45; < Icel aethar (in 18th century spelled aedar), gen. sing. of aethur eider duck, in phrase aedar dunn down of the eider duck; sp. eider < G or Sw]

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Any of several species of large diving ducks (in tribes Mergini and Somateriini) that are heavy and round-bodied, with a humped bill that produces a characteristic sloping profile.

Eiders are the source of eiderdown, feathers that the hen plucks from her breast to line the nest and insulate her eggs. Eiderdown is used as a warm filling for jackets, pillows, quilts, and sleeping bags. Hens are mottled brown, but drakes (males) are boldly patterned, with a green pigment on the head. Eiders live in the cold far north.

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bird
      any of several large sea ducks variously classified as members of the tribe Mergini or placed in a separate tribe Somateriini (family Anatidae, order Anseriformes). Eiders are heavy and round-bodied, with humped bills that produce the bird's characteristic sloping profile. They are the source of eiderdown—down feathers the hen plucks from her breast to line the nest and cover the eggs in her absence. Eiderdown is used as warm filling for jackets, pillows, quilts, and sleeping bags; in Iceland, where the birds are rigidly protected, a pound of down can be harvested from every 35–40 nests without interrupting the breeding cycle. Hens are mottled dark brown, but drakes of the four species are strikingly patterned and show a peculiar green pigment on the head. In the common eider (Somateria mollissima), with four or five races, differing mainly in length and colour of bill, the drake is mostly white above with black crown, belly, and tail. Like all eiders, this species is at home in the far north. It breeds along icy coasts south to The Netherlands and the Gulf of St. Lawrence; it winters at sea south to France, New England, and the Aleutians.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eider — bei BreiholzVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt Daten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • eider — [ ɛdɛr ] n. m. • 1755; edre « duvet » v. 1200; island. aedur ♦ Grand canard (ansériformes) des pays du Nord, fournissant un duvet apprécié (⇒ édredon). ● eider nom masculin (islandais aedur) Gros canard marin des océans subarctiques se… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Eider — Ei der, n. [Of Scand. origin, cf. Icel [ae]?r; akin to Sw. eider, Dan. ederfugl.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any species of sea duck of the genus {Somateria}, esp. {Somateria mollissima}, which breeds in the northern parts of Europe and America, and lines its… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Eider — Sm (Eiderente f.) erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Im Zuge des Daunenhandels als Bezeichnung für den Vogel und seine Federn entlehnt aus nisl. æđr (das diphthongisch ausgesprochen wird), (nisl. æđur, æđarfugl). Erste wissenschaftliche… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • eider — ÉIDER eideri m. Raţă polară marină cu puf preţios. /<fr. eider Trimis de siveco, 22.08.2004. Sursa: NODEX  EIDÉR s. m. pasăre marină din regiunile scandinave, înrudită cu raţa. (< fr. eider, isl. aeder) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007.… …   Dicționar Român

  • eider — ► NOUN (pl. same or eiders) 1) (also eider duck) a northern sea duck, the male of which has mainly black and white plumage. 2) (also eider down) small, soft feathers from the breast of the female eider duck. ORIGIN Old Norse …   English terms dictionary

  • eider — [ī′dər] n. pl. eiders or eider [ult. < ON æthar, gen of æthr, eider duck] 1. any of several large sea ducks (esp. genus Somateria) that live in northern regions of Europe, Asia, and North America: often eider duck 2. EIDERDOWN (sense 1) …   English World dictionary

  • eider — 1743, from Ger. Eider or Du. eider, both from O.N. æþar, gen. of æþr duck, from a N.Gmc. root …   Etymology dictionary

  • Eider — Eider, fischreicher Fluß, entspringt in Holstein im Gute Bothkamp, geht durch den Westen u. Flemhuder See, von letzterem an schiffbar, bildet dann die Grenze zwischen Holstein u. Schleswig u. somit die Grenze Deutschlands, nimmt die Sorge u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • êider — s. m. Espécie de ganso, cujas penas são usadas no enchimento de edredões e vestuário contra o frio. • Plural: êideres.   ‣ Etimologia: francês eider, do islandês aedur …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Eider [1] — Eider, weicher, zarter, pelzartiger wollener Stoff zu Anstandsröcken …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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