Edessa

Edessan, Edessene /i des"een/, adj.
/i des"euh/, n.
an ancient city in NW Mesopotamia, on the modern site of Urfa: an early center of Christianity; the capital of a principality under the Crusaders.

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Chief city (pop., 1991: 18,000), Macedonia, Greece.

Located on a steep bluff above the valley of the Loudhiás River, it is a prominent trading and agricultural centre. The assumption that it was Aigai, the first capital of ancient Macedonia, has been challenged by archaeological discoveries at Verghina. Fought over by the Bulgarians, Byzantines, and Serbs, Edessa was taken by the Turks in the 15th century. In 1912 it passed to Greece.

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Greece
Modern Greek  Édhessa  

      chief city, nomós (department) of Pélla, Macedonia, Greece, on a steep bluff above the valley of the Loudhiás Potamós (river). A swift, fragmented stream flowing through the town was known in ancient times as the Skirtos (“Leaper”) and since the Middle Ages as the Vódhas (Slavic voda, “water”) and now as the Edhessaíos Potamós. Its waterfalls are celebrated and attract numerous visitors. A prominent trading and agricultural centre, Edessa also manufactures carpets and textiles and is the seat of the metropolitan bishop of Edessa and Pella (Pélla).

      The assumption that Edessa was the location of Aigai, the first capital of ancient Macedonia, was seriously challenged by the discovery in 1977 of royal tombs of Macedonian leaders at Verghina, southeast of Véroia, including one identified as that of Philip II. In Roman times Edessa was a stop on the Via Egnatia connecting the Adriatic Sea with the Aegean Sea, and a Roman or Byzantine bridge span of that highway survives in the town. Fought over by the Bulgarians, Byzantines, and Serbs, Edessa was taken by the Turks in the 15th century. In 1912 it passed to Greece. Pop. (2001) 25,916.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Edessa — • A titular archiepiscopal see in that part of Mesopotamia formerly known as Osrhoene Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Edessa     Edessa      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • EDESSA — EDESSA, a city in the upper Euphrates Valley (today Urfa in Turkey). Archaeological remains are known in the area of the city going back to the second millennium B.C.E., and Edessa may very well have been a Hurrian city alternatively known as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Edessa — ist der Name einer Stadt in Griechenland, siehe Edessa (Griechenland) einer historischen Stadt in Mesopotamien, heute Şanlıurfa, Türkei einer Grafschaft zur Zeit der Kreuzzüge, siehe Grafschaft Edessa Edessa ist der Name folgender… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edessa — Édessa (Grèce)  Cet article concerne la ville de Macédoine. Pour les autres villes portant ce nom, voir Édesse. Localisation d Édessa Édessa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edessa — may refer to:*Edessa, Greece *Edessa, Mesopotamia, now Şanlıurfa, Turkey *County of Edessa, a crusader state *Osroene, an ancient kingdom and province of the Roman Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Edessa [1] — Edessa (a. Geogr. u. Gesch.), 1) Stadt in Emathia (Macedonien); nach Einigen so v.w. Ägä; Begräbnißstätte der alten Könige von Macedonien. 2) Hauptstadt von Osrhoene (Mesopotamien), an beiden Seiten des Skirtos (jetzt Daisan). Nach der Tradition… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Edessa [2] — Edessa (Fabr.), fast gleich der Gattung Pentatoma, s.u. Baumwanzen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Edessa — Edessa, 1) im Altertum Hauptstadt der nordmesopotamischen Landschaft Osroëne; schon im 8. Jahrh. von den Assyrern erobert und damals Ruhu (syr. Urhoi) genannt, heißt jetzt Urfa (s. d.). Unter Seleukos erhielt sie nach der gleichnamigen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Edessa — Edessa, Stadt im nördl. Mesopotamien (jetzt Orfa, Urfa, 55.000 E.), ursprünglich Ur (assyr. Ruhu), von den Mazedoniern E. genannt, 137 v. Chr. bis 216 n. Chr., Hauptstadt des Edessēnischen oder Osrhoenischen Reichs, schon zeitig Sitz einer… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Edessa — Edessa, jetzt Orfah, Stadt im nördl. Mesopotamien, nordöstl. 25 M. von Aleppo, Sitz eines armenischen Bischofs, 50000 E., darunter 2000 Christen und 500 Juden, die übrigen Mohammedaner; Baumwolleweberei, Saffiangerberei, Handel. – Manche suchen… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • EDESSA — seu EDESA Strab. olim Antiochia Osrhoenorum, et Callirrhoe a fonte dicta, teste Procopio, et postea Iustinopolis, urbs ampla et Arciepiscopalis Syriae ad laevam Euphratis ripam (ex quo etiam Mesopotamiae tribuitur,) Rhoas, et Rhoasse, ac etiam… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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