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/droh sof"euh leuh, dreuh-/, n., pl. drosophilas, drosophilae /-lee'/.
a fly of the genus Drosophila, esp. D. melanogaster, used in laboratory studies of genetics and development.
[ < NL < Gk dróso(s) dew + NL -phila < Gk -phile, fem. of -philos -PHILE]

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Any member of about 1,000 species in the dipteran genus Drosophila, commonly known as fruit flies but also called vinegar flies.

Some species, particularly D. melanogaster, are used extensively in laboratories for experiments on genetics and evolution because they are easy to raise and have a short life cycle (less than two weeks at room temperature). More data have been collected concerning the genetics of Drosophila than for any other animal. In the wild, its larvae live in rotting or damaged fruits or in fungi or fleshy flowers.

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      genus of flies commonly known as vinegar flies but also misleadingly called fruit flies. See vinegar fly.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • drosophila — [drō säf′i lə] n. pl. drosophilae [drō säf′ilē΄] [ModL < Gr drosos, dew + phila, fem. of philos, loving] any of a genus (Drosophila, family Drosophilidae) of tiny fruit flies used in laboratory experiments in heredity because of their short… …   English World dictionary

  • Drosophila — Drosophila. См. дрозофилы. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Drosophĭla — (Thaufliege), Insectengattung aus der Familie der eigentlichen Fliegen, mit verlängertem Endgliede, gefiederter Fühlerborste, borstigem Untergesicht, sechsringligem Hinterleibe u. parallelen Flügeln, die viel länger als der Hinterleib; Arten… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Drosophila — Drosophila, s. Essigfliege …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • drosophila — scientific name of a fruit fly, 1829, from Mod.L. (Fallén, 1823), from Gk. drosos dew + philos loving see PHILE (Cf. phile)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Drosophila — Drosophile Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mouche …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Drosophila — This article is about the entire genus. For the most commonly used laboratory species, see Drosophila melanogaster. Drosophila Drosophila repleta Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

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