dracaena

/dreuh see"neuh/, n.
1. any treelike tropical plant of the genus Dracaena, many species of which are cultivated as ornamentals for their showy leaves.
2. any plant of the closely related genus Cordyline.
Also, dracena.
[ < NL (Linnaeus) < Gk drákaina, fem. of drákon DRAGON]

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Any of about 50–80 species of ornamental foliage plants that make up the genus Dracaena, in the agave family, native primarily to the Old World tropics.

Most have short stalks and narrow, sword-shaped leaves; some have taller stalks and resemble trees. The small flowers are red, yellow, or green. D. sanderiana and D. fragrans are often grown as houseplants. The ornamental dragon tree (D. draco) of the Canary Islands bears orange fruit. Its trunk contains a red gum, called dragon's blood, that was formerly used in medicines.

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▪ plant genus
 genus of ornamental foliage plants in the family Rusacaceae, consisting of about 100 species native primarily to the Old World tropics. Most species have short stalks and narrow, sword-shaped leaves, but some have taller stalks and resemble trees with crowns of leaves. The small flowers are red, yellow, or green. The berrylike fruit contains one to three seeds.

      Dracaena sanderiana, with white-edged leaves, and D. fragrans, with yellow leaf edges or white stripes, are commonly cultivated as houseplants. The dragon tree (D. draco) of the Canary Islands, an ornamental tree with orange fruit, can grow 18 m (60 feet) tall and 6 m wide. The trunk contains a red gum, called dragon's blood, that was formerly used in medicines.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dracaena — (romanized form of the Greek δράκαινα drakaina, female dragon ) can mean: Drakaina, a Greek mythological entity Dracaena (plant), a genus of plants Cordyline australis, a plant commonly known as the Dracaena palm Dracaena (lizard), a genus of… …   Wikipedia

  • Dracaena — Vand. (Drachenlilie, Drachenbaum, Drachenblutbaum, Drachenpalme), Gattung der Liliazeen, umfaßt Bäume oder Sträucher ohne Ausläufer, mit durch die Blattnarben geringeltem Stamm, lederigen, schwertförmigen oder verkehrt lanzettförmigen Blättern,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dracaena — Dracaena  научное название двух родов живых организмов: Каймановые ящерицы  род южноамериканских ящериц из семейства тейид. Драцена  род растений семейства Спаржевые. Поскольку ботанический род Dracaena находится в юрисдикции… …   Википедия

  • dracaena — [drə sē′nə] n. [ModL < LL, she dragon < Gr drakaina, fem. of drakōn, DRAGON] any of a genus (Dracaena) of tropical shrubs and trees of the agave family, including the dragon tree …   English World dictionary

  • Dracaena — Dra*c[ae] na, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? she dragon.] (Bot.) A genus of liliaceous plants with woody stems and funnel shaped flowers. [1913 Webster] Note: Drac[ae]na Draco, the source of the dragon s blood of the Canaries, forms a tree, sometimes of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dracaena — L., Drachenbaum, Blutbaum, Pflanzengattg. der Liliazeen, meist Pflanzen von palmenartigem Wuchs. D. draco L., auf den Kanarischen Inseln, liefert Drachenblut (s.d.). Berühmt der 1868 vom Sturm niedergeworfene Drachenbaum bei Orotava auf Teneriffa …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dracaena — Drachenbäume Kanarischer Drachenbaum (Dracaena draco), Icod de los Vinos, Teneriffa Systematik Abteilung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dracaena —   Dracaena …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dracaena — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Dracaena est un nom : Dracaena, le genre botanique de plantes de la famille des Ruscaceae Dracaena, le genre animal de lézards de la famille des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dracaena — dracena statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Draceninių (Dracaenaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Dracaena). atitikmenys: lot. Dracaena angl. dracaena; dragon tree vok. Dracaene; Drachenbaum; Drachenlilie rus. драцена lenk. dracena; drzewo smocze;… …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

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