dough

doughlike, adj.
/doh/, n.
1. flour or meal combined with water, milk, etc., in a mass for baking into bread, cake, etc.; paste of bread.
2. any similar soft, pasty mass.
3. Slang. money.
[bef. 1000; ME do(u)gh, do(u)h, dou(e), OE dag, dah; c. D deeg, ON deig, Goth daigs, G Teig]

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      mixture of flour and liquid with other ingredients, such as leavening agents, shortening, sugar, salt, eggs, and various flavouring materials, used to make baked products. A similar mixture, in more liquefied form, is known as batter.

      Doughs are thick and plastic and may be shaped, kneaded, and rolled. They are elastic, allowing much expansion during baking, the degree of elasticity depending upon the amount of elastic protein, or gluten, provided by the flour employed. Doughs are used to make breads and pastries. Sweet doughs, used for such products as coffee cakes and Danish pastries, are richer than bread doughs; they contain larger amounts of shortening, milk, and sugar and various spices, nuts, and fruits.

      Doughs used for flatbreads and most piecrusts are unleavened and do not expand. Puff pastes, used for patty shells and napoleons (pastry layers filled with custard or whipped cream), and authentic Danish pastries are made of alternating dough and shortening layers that are rolled until the layers are quite thin, producing flaky, tender pastry. At high altitudes, ingredient proportions may require alteration, with reduced leavening and increased liquid compensating for differences in atmospheric pressure that lower the boiling point of the liquid and cause dough to rise more rapidly.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dough — dough·er·ty; dough; dough·i·ness; dough·nut; dough·ti·ly; dough·ti·ness; dough·ty; …   English syllables

  • dough — [dəʊ ǁ doʊ] noun [uncountable] informal money: • He made a huge pile of dough working for an investment bank. * * * dough UK US /dəʊ/ noun [U] INFORMAL ► money: »He says he can make a lot of d …   Financial and business terms

  • Dough — Dough, n. [OE. dagh, dogh, dow, AS. d[=a]h; akin to D. deeg, G. teig, Icel. deig, Sw. deg, Dan. deig, Goth. daigs; also, to Goth. deigan to knead, L. fingere to form, shape, Skr. dih to smear; cf. Gr. ? wall, ? to touch, handle. ?. Cf. {Feign},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dough — dough, batter, paste are quasi synonyms often confused in their modern cookery senses. All denote a mixture of flour, liquid, salt, and supplementary ingredients, but each suggests a difference both in consistency as a result of the variety and… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • dough|y — «DOH ee», adjective, dough|i|er, dough|i|est. of or like dough; soft and thick; pale and flabby …   Useful english dictionary

  • dough — O.E. dag dough, from P.Gmc. *daigaz something kneaded (Cf. O.N. deig, Swed. deg, M.Du. deech, Du. deeg, O.H.G. teic, Ger. Teig, Goth. daigs dough ), from PIE *dheigh to build, to form, to knead (Cf. Skt …   Etymology dictionary

  • dough — [dəu US dou] n [: Old English; Origin: dag] 1.) [singular, U] a mixture of flour and water ready to be baked into bread, ↑pastry etc 2.) [U] informal money …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • dough — [ dou ] noun 1. ) count or uncount a mixture of flour, water, SHORTENING, etc. that is baked to make bread or PASTRY 2. ) uncount INFORMAL money …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • dough — [n] money beans*, boodle*, bread*, bucks*, cabbage*, cash, change, chips, clams*, coin, coinage, cold cash, currency, dinero, funds, greenback*, hard cash*, legal tender, lettuce*, loot, moola, pesos*, wealth; concept 340 …   New thesaurus

  • dough — ► NOUN 1) a thick mixture of flour and liquid, for baking into bread or pastry. 2) informal money. DERIVATIVES doughy adjective (doughier, doughiest) . ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • dough — [dō] n. [ME < OE dag, akin to Goth daigs, Ger teig < IE base * dheiĝh , to knead, form > Gr teichos, wall, L fingere, to form] 1. a mixture of flour, liquid, leavening, and other ingredients, worked into a soft, thick mass for baking… …   English World dictionary

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