- /dawr"sit/, n.2. Dorsetshire./dawr"sit/, n.an Eskimo culture that flourished from A.D. 100-1000 in the central and eastern regions of arctic North America.[after Cape Dorset in northern Canada]
* * *It is located on the English Channel; its county seat is Dorchester. Prehistoric peoples were active in the area and left abundant monuments dating from the Neolithic Period, Bronze Age, and Iron Age, including Maiden Castle, a huge earthworks just outside Dorchester. The area subsequently became part of the West Saxon kingdom. As Wessex, it appears in the writings of Thomas Hardy.
* * *administrative, geographic, and historic county of southwestern England, bordered by the English Channel (south) and the counties of Devon (west), Hampshire (east), Somerset, and Wiltshire (both north). The administrative, geographic, and historic counties cover somewhat different areas. The administrative county comprises six districts: the borough of Christchurch, East Dorset, North Dorset, Purbeck, West Dorset, and the borough of Weymouth and Portland. The geographic county encompasses these districts as well as the unitary authorities of Bournemouth and Poole. The historic county excludes Bournemouth, Christchurch, and part of East Dorset, which instead belong to the historic county of Hampshire. Along its western border the administrative county has gained small areas of the historic counties of Devon and Somerset through boundary adjustments, while a small section of the historic county of Dorset lies in the administrative county of Somerset.chalk uplands cross into Dorset from adjoining Wiltshire. As the North Dorset Downs, they stretch through the county to beyond the historic town of Dorchester; as the South Dorset Downs, they form a narrow band of chalk terrain eastward to Swanage. Between these two areas of chalk is a triangular zone of lower-lying land developed on various sands and clays and forming an extension of the Hampshire basin. This area is drained in the west by the Rivers Frome and Piddle into Poole Bay and in the east by the Rivers Avon and Stour. To the north and west of the North Dorset Downs, along the county's border with Devon and Somerset, is found a somewhat similar band of mixed terrain developed on various sands and clays. This northern part is largely drained into Christchurch Bay by the Stour and its tributaries.Prehistoric peoples were active on the chalk uplands of Dorset. There are abundant monuments from the Neolithic Period, Bronze Age, and Iron Age. One monument that seems to have been occupied throughout prehistoric times is Maiden Castle just outside Dorchester, the main town in Roman times. The area subsequently became part of the West Saxon kingdom, and as Wessex it has been immortalized in the writings of Thomas Hardy. In the early 19th century the county was the scene of the Tolpuddle martyrs' historic stand for organized labour.Apart from the urban complex of Bournemouth and Poole in the southeastern corner of the geographic county, Dorset is mainly rural. Agriculture remains the major user of land, though not the major employer of labour. On the chalk uplands, large farms concentrate on dairying and the cultivation of barley. In the mixed sand and clay terrain, farms are smaller, and agricultural enterprises are mixed. Pig and poultry production is carried on, as is some horticulture. Forestry now plays an important role, with most of the woodland owned by the Forestry Commission. Portland stone and Purbeck marble are renowned as building stone. Dorset also has one of the few remaining mines in the country for ball clay, which is important in the ceramics industry and is still taken to Staffordshire. Limited supplies of petroleum and natural gas are found in the Kimmeridge area on the coast.Tourism has played an increasing role in the economy, particularly in the geographic county's major urban centres, the coastal towns of Bournemouth, Poole, and Weymouth. Bournemouth has been known as a holiday resort since 1879, and Weymouth and Portland attract large numbers of tourists as well. Dorset's coastal areas, as well as those of the neighbouring East Devon district, were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2001.Manufacturing is important in parts of Poole and Bournemouth and includes pottery and brick production, engineering, electronics, pharmaceutical products, and chemicals. Area geographic county, 1,025 square miles (2,655 square km); administrative county, 981 square miles (2,542 square km). Pop. (2005 est.) geographic county, 701,800; administrative county, 401,100.
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Dorset — Wappen Geografische Lage in England Geografie Status: Zeremonielle und Verwaltungsgrafschaft Region … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dorset — Dorset, conocido antiguamente como Dorsetshire, es un condado localizado en el sudoeste de Inglaterra, en la costa del canal de la Mancha. La capital es Dorchester. Entre sus puntos más extremos, Dorset mide 80 kilómetros de este a oeste y 64… … Enciclopedia Universal
Dorset — [ dɔːsɪt], County in Südengland, 2 654 km2, 645 200 Einwohner, Verwaltungssitz ist Dorchester; wird im Norden und Süden von Kreidekalkschichtstufen (North Dorset Downs und South Dorset Downs) durchzogen; Milchvieh Weidewirtschaft; an der… … Universal-Lexikon
Dorset — Dorset1 [dôr′sət] n. any of a breed of medium sized sheep, originally from Dorset: formerly, both male and female had horns (hence the former name Dorset Horn), but today the polled variety prevails Dorset2 [dôr′sət] county in SW England, on the… … English World dictionary
Dorset  — Dorset, 1) (Dorsetshire), Grafschaft im südlichen England, 45,96 QM., grenzt an Somerset , Wilt , Hamp u. Devonshire u. an den Kanal la Manche; im Allgemeinen eben, nur von Hügelketten (Downs, bis zu 650 Fuß Höhe) durchzogen, die an der Küste… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Dorset — (spr. dórßet), 1) Thomas Sackville, erster Graf von, geb. 1536 zu Witham in Sussex, gest. 19. April 1608, ward 1557 Mitglied des Unterhauses, 1567 als Lord Buckhurst zum Peer erhoben, bekleidete unter der Königin Elisabeth mehrere… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Dorset  — Dorset, früher Titel der Familien Beaufort u. Grey, dann der Sackville, indem Herbrand (Hildebrand) von Sackville mit Wilhelm dem Eroberer aus der Normandie nach England kam. Sie besaßen Güter in der Grafschaft Sussex; merkwürdig: 1) Thomas… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Dorset — Dorsĕt, Grafschaft im südwestl. England, am Kanal, 2559 qkm, (1901) 202.962 E.; Hauptort Dorchester … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Dorset  — Dorsĕt, früher Titel der engl. Familien Beaufort und Grey, 1603 an die Familie Sackville verliehen. Erster Graf von D., Thom. Sackville, geb. 1536, als Lord Buckhurst einer der Richter der Maria Stuart, 1598 Großschatzmeister, 1603 zum … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Dorset — (Dahrset), engl. Grafschaft am Kanal, 463/4 QM. groß mit 180000 E., einer der fruchtbarsten und reichsten Ackerbaubezirke Englands; Hauptstadt Dorchester. Von ihr führte die engl. Familie Sackville den Herzogstitel … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
dorset — dòrset m DEFINICIJA agr. pasmina ovaca razvijena u Engleskoj (sada u Velikoj Britaniji, SAD u, Australiji), srednjih dimenzija, daje kvalitetnu vunu i meso ETIMOLOGIJA engl. dosrset, prema engleskoj pokrajini Dorsetshire … Hrvatski jezični portal