Donetsk

/deuh netsk"/; Russ. /du nyetsk"/, n.
a city in E Ukraine, in the Donets Basin. 1,021,000. Formerly, Stalin, Stalino, Yuzovka.

* * *

formerly (1924–61) Stalino

City (pop., 2001: 1,016,000), southeastern Ukraine.

In 1872 an ironworks was founded there by a Welshman, John Hughes, to produce iron rails for the growing Russian rail network. Fueled by the rich deposits of the Donets Basin, both coal mining and steelmaking developed rapidly. Extensive destruction in World War II led to postwar modernization, and subsequent growth has been rapid. Modern Donetsk is one of Ukraine's largest metallurgical centres.

* * *

also spelled  Doneck , formerly (until 1924)  Yuzivka  or  Yuzovka , also spelled  Iuzovka , (1924–61)  Stalino 

      city, southeastern Ukraine, on the headwaters of the Kalmius River. In 1872 an ironworks was founded there by a Welshman, John Hughes (from whom the town's pre-Revolutionary name Yuzivka was derived), to produce iron rails for the growing Russian rail network. Later steel rails were made. The plant used coal from the immediate vicinity, and both coal mining and steel making developed rapidly. By 1914 there were 4 metallurgical plants, 10 coal pits, and a population of about 50,000. Under the Soviet Union, Yuzivka was renamed Stalino and, in 1961, Donetsk. Heavy destruction in World War II led to postwar modernization and an increase in industry, which resulted in substantial and sustained economic growth. Coal has been Donetsk's dominant industry, though it has undergone decline. The centre of the iron and steel industry is the Donetsk Metallurgical Plant. Coke by-products are the basis of a chemical industry producing plastics. There are several heavy engineering works, and light and food industries are also important. Manufactures include clothing, cotton cloth, footwear, furniture, and refrigerators.

      The necessity of avoiding areas subject to subsidence caused by mining led to a patchy development of the densely built-up residential and factory areas and open spaces over the extensive area of the city's administrative limits (162 square miles [420 square km]). The principal street, from the railway station to the steelworks, is 5.5 miles (9 km) long, with the main shops, hotels, and administrative buildings. There are a university; polytechnic, medical and trade institutes; and scientific research establishments, including a branch of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Cultural amenities include several theatres and a philharmonic hall. Pop. (2001) 1,016,194; (2005 est.) 999,975.

Additional Reading
Theodore H. Friedgut, Iuzovka and Revolution, 2 vol. (1989–94).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Donetsk — Донецьк Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • DONETSK — Chef lieu de la région (oblast ) d’Ukraine qui porte son nom et qui comptait, en 1991, 5 353 000 habitants sur 26 500 kilomètres carrés, Donetsk est avant tout la première des cités du bassin minier du Donbass dont elle dirige l’exploitation.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • DONETSK — (until 1924 Yuzovka, and until 1961 Stalino), industrial city in the Eastern Ukraine, established in 1869–70 when an iron mill and coal mines were opened. The Jewish population numbered 3,168 in 1897 (11.5% of the total). They were occupied as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Donetsk — [dō̂ nyetsk′] city in SE Ukraine, in the Donets Basin: pop. 1,121,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Donetsk — For Donetsk in Russia, see Donetsk, Russia. Stalino redirects here. For other uses, see Stalino (disambiguation). Donets k (Донецьк) Donetsk (Донецк) The Kalmius River flows through Donetsk …   Wikipedia

  • Donetsk — Pour la ville de Russie, voir Donetsk (Russie). Donetsk Донецьк …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Donetsk — Donezk (Донецьк) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Donetsk — noun a) A city on the Kalmius river in the Donbas region of Ukraine, administrative centre of Donetsk province. b) Donetsk province (oblast), in eastern Ukraine. Syn: Stalino, Trotsk, Yuzivka, Yuzovka, Donetsk Oblast, Stalino Oblast,… …   Wiktionary

  • Donetsk — Doņecka (Latvian), Doneţk (Romanian), Donetsk Донецк (Ukrainian, Russian), Donetsk (Azeri, Finnish), Donetskas (Lithuanian), Donezk (German), Donieck (Polish), Donjeck (Serbian); Stalino (former name), Yuzovka (former name) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Donetsk — Original name in latin Donetsk Name in other language Doneck, Donetsk, Gunderovskaya, Gundorovka, Gundorovskaya, Gundurovka, Донецк State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 48.33372 latitude 39.94776 altitude 119 Population 50850 Date …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.