- /doh"brooh jeuh/; Bulg. /daw"brddooh jeuh/, n.a region in SE Rumania and NE Bulgaria, between the Danube River and the Black Sea. 2970 sq. mi. (7690 sq. km). Rumanian, Dobrogea /daw"brddo jah'/.
* * *Romanian Dobrogea , Bulgarian Dobrudzhaa region of the Balkan Peninsula, situated between the lower Danube River and the Black Sea. The larger, northern part belongs to Romania, the smaller, southern part to Bulgaria. It is a tableland of some 8,970 square miles (23,000 square km) in area, resembling a steppe with maximum elevations of 1,532 feet (467 m) in the north and 853 feet (260 m) in the south, where the surface is creased by ravines. The continental climate is moderated by the Black Sea, and average temperatures range between 25° F (−4° C) in January and 73° F (23° C) in July.Owing to its openness to the sea and its position as a zone of passage between the Balkans and the steppe north of the Black Sea, the population of the Dobruja has been diverse. The majority in the north are Romanian and in the south Bulgarian, but, despite assimilation and emigration, significant minorities, notably Turks and Tatars, remain. The inhabitants are engaged primarily in agriculture, especially in the raising of grains and cattle and in viticulture. Under the communists, from the 1940s, industrialization made rapid progress. Besides food processing and fishing, major industries—notably metallurgy and chemicals—developed around Constanţa, the largest city and Romania's main seaport.The earliest inhabitants of the Dobruja were the Getae, or Getians, a Thracian people whom Greek colonists encountered when they established trading cities on the Black Sea coast in the 6th century BC. Between the 1st century BC and the 3rd century AD, Rome dominated the region, which was known as Scythia Minor, and from the 5th to the 11th centuries Byzantine rule was contested by successive waves of nomadic peoples, including Huns, Avars, Slavs, Bulgars, Pechenegs, and Cumans. In the 14th century a despotate headed by a Bulgarian named Dobrotitsa encompassed the region (Dobruja may mean “Land of Dobrotitsa”). Mircea, Prince of Walachia (1386–1418), also claimed the region, but by 1419 the Ottoman Turks had incorporated it into their empire. During the next 450 years significant demographic changes occurred through the large-scale settlement of Anatolian Turks and Crimean Tatars. The Treaty of Berlin (Berlin, Congress of) (1878) brought Ottoman rule to an end by awarding Romania most of the Dobruja and attaching the southern portion (the so-called Quadrilateral) to the principality of Bulgaria. Romania obtained the Quadrilateral after the Second Balkan War in 1913, but in 1940 it was forced to return that portion to Bulgaria and to accept an exchange of population. A new frontier was established by the Peace Treaty of Paris (1947).
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Dobruja — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Mapa de Rumania con la Dobruja septentrional, resaltada en anaranjado, y de Bulgaria, con la Dobruja meridional resaltada en amarillo. Marco geográfico Dobruja, o en ocasiones Dobrudja (Dobrogea en rumano, Добруджа… … Wikipedia Español
Dobruja — [dō′broo jə] region in SE Europe, on the Black Sea: divided, since 1940, between Romania & Bulgaria … English World dictionary
Dobruja — Dobrudzha redirects here. For the football team, see PFC Dobrudzha Dobrich. Dobrogea redirects here. For the village in Chişinău municipality, Moldova, see Sîngera. Dobruja (dark green) within Romania and Bulgaria (light green) in Europe Dobruja… … Wikipedia
Dobruja — or Dobrudja geographical name region S Europe in Romania & Bulgaria on Black Sea S of the Danube … New Collegiate Dictionary
Dobruja — VER Dobrudja … Enciclopedia Universal
Dobruja — Do•bru•ja [[t]ˈdoʊ brʊ dʒə[/t]] n. geg a region in SE Romania and NE Bulgaria, between the Danube River and the Black Sea. 2970 sq. mi. (7690 sq. km). Romanian, Do•bro•gea [[t]ˈdɔ brɒˌdʒɑ[/t]] … From formal English to slang
Dobruja — /doh brooh jeuh/; Bulg. /daw brddooh jeuh/, n. a region in SE Rumania and NE Bulgaria, between the Danube River and the Black Sea. 2970 sq. mi. (7690 sq. km). Rumanian, Dobrogea /daw brddo jah / … Useful english dictionary
Dobruja Meridional — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La Dobruja Meridional o Dobruja del Sur (Южна Добруджа, Iujna Dobrudja en búlgaro; Dobrogea de sud o Cadrilater en rumano) es una zona del noreste de Bulgaria que comprende los distritos administrativos de las dos… … Wikipedia Español
Northern Dobruja — Map of Romania and Bulgaria with Northern Dobrudja highlighted in orange. Northern Dobruja (Romanian: Dobrogea; Bulgarian: Северна Добруджа, Severna Dobrudzha) is the part of Dobruja within the borders of Romania. It lies between the lower Danube … Wikipedia
Southern Dobruja — ( Южна Добруджа, Yuzhna Dobrudzha in Bulgarian, Dobrogea de sud or Cadrilater in Romanian) is an area of north eastern Bulgaria comprising the administrative districts named for its two principal cities of Dobrich and Silistra. It has an area of… … Wikipedia