divergence

/di verr"jeuhns, duy-/, n.
1. the act, fact, or amount of diverging: a divergence in opinion.
2. (in physics, meteorology, etc.) the total amount of flux escaping an infinitesimal volume at a point in a vector field, as the net flow of air from a given region.
3. Ophthalm. a turning motion of the eyeballs outward in relation to each other.
4. Electronics. the spreading of a stream of electrons resulting from their mutual electrostatic repulsion.
[1650-60; < ML divergentia. See DIVERGE, -ENCE]
Syn. 1. separation, division, variation, deviation.
Ant. 1. convergence.

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In mathematics, a differential operator applied to a three-dimensional vector-valued function.

The result is a function that describes a rate of change. The divergence of a vector v is given by
in which v1, v2, and v3 are the vector components of v, typically a velocity field of fluid flow.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • divergence — [ divɛrʒɑ̃s ] n. f. • 1626; lat. sc. divergentia 1 ♦ Situation de ce qui diverge, de ce qui va en s écartant. ⇒ dispersion, écartement. Divergence d une lentille, d un système optique. ⇒ vergence. ♢ Métrol. Mesure de la puissance d un système… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • DIVERGENCE FM — Création 1987 Langue Français Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Divergence — Di*ver gence, Divergency Di*ver gen*cy, n. [Cf. F. divergence.] 1. A receding from each other in moving from a common center; the state of being divergent; as, an angle is made by the divergence of straight lines. [1913 Webster] Rays come to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • divergence — divergence. См. дивергенция. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • divergence — index antithesis, circulation, conflict, contention (opposition), contradiction, contradistinction, controversy ( …   Law dictionary

  • Divergence —   [engl.], Divergenz …   Universal-Lexikon

  • divergence — DIVERGENCE. subst. f. Terme de Géométrie et d Optique. Situation de deux lignes, de deux rayons, qui vont en s écartant …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • divergence — 1650s, from Mod.L. divergentia, from divergens (see DIVERGE (Cf. diverge)). Related: Divergency …   Etymology dictionary

  • divergence — 1 *deviation, deflection, aberration Analogous words: division, separation, parting (see corresponding verbs at SEPARATE): differing, disagreeing, varying (see DIFFER) Antonyms: convergence Contrasted words: agreement, concurrence, coincidence… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • divergence — [n] branching out; difference aberration, alteration, alterity, crotch, deflection, departure, detour, deviation, digression, disagreeing, discrepancy, disparity, dissemblance, dissimilarity, dissimilitude, distinction, divagation, divergency,… …   New thesaurus

  • divergence — n. pl. divergencies [dəvʉr′jəns, dīvʉr′jəns] n. [ML divergentia] 1. a diverging, separating, or branching off 2. a becoming different in form or kind 3. departure from a particular viewpoint, practice, etc. 4. difference of opinion; disagreement …   English World dictionary

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