divan

divan1
/di van", -vahn"/ or, esp. for 1, /duy"van/, n.
1. a sofa or couch, usually without arms or back, often usable as a bed.
2. a long, cushioned seat, usually without arms or back, placed against a wall, as in Oriental countries.
3. a council of state in Turkey and other countries of the Middle East.
4. any council, committee, or commission.
5. (in the Middle East)
a. a council chamber, judgment hall, audience chamber, or bureau of state.
b. a large building used for some official or public purpose, as a custom house.
6. a smoking room, as in connection with a tobacco shop.
7. a collection of poems, esp. a collection in Arabic or Persian of poems by one poet.
[1580-90; < Turk < Pers diwan, orig. devan booklet (whence account book, office, council, bench)]
divan2
/di van"/, adj. (esp. of chicken or turkey breast)
sliced and baked in a casserole with broccoli and hollandaise sauce.
[of uncert. orig.; perh. a representation in E sp. of F divin DIVINE]

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▪ Islamic government unit
also spelled  diwan , or  dewan , Arabic  dīwān 

      in Islāmic societies, a “register,” or logbook, and later a “finance department,” “government bureau,” or “administration.” The first divan appeared under the caliph ʿUmar I (634–644) as a pensions list, recording free Arab warriors entitled to a share of the spoils of war. Out of rents and property taxes exacted from conquered farmers and landowners, hereditary pensions were assigned to warriors entered in the divan. Later the term came to signify a financial institution, and, by the time of the caliphate of Muʿāwiyah (661–680), it meant a government bureau, e.g., the chancellery or the postal service. Iranians used the term divan until about the 19th century to mean the central government in general, while in Mughal India, from the time of Akbar (1556–1605), the term was chiefly associated with government finance, the chief finance minister being the divan, with provincial dawāwīn under him. In the Ottoman Empire the divan became the imperial chancery headed by the grand vizier, though a consultative assembly of senior officials summoned by Selim I in 1515 was also called a divan. The term was early extended to mean the audience chamber of important government officers, whose offices, furnished with mattresses and cushions along the walls, account for the extension of the meaning of divan to sofa. In modern Turkey a divan is an administrative unit in rural areas.

      The English East India Company, during its period of administration in India, called its revenue administration “dewanee.”

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • divanələnmə — «Divanələnmək»dən f. is …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • divanələşmə — «Divanələşmək»dən f. is …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • DIVAN.TV — DIVAN.TV  это мультимедийный сервис интерактивного телевидения, созданный одноимённой компанией на Украине. Автором идеи и главным инвестором создания принципиально нового на рынке телекоммуникаций сервиса стал украинский венчурный… …   Википедия

  • DIVAN — ou D 壟W Mot d’origine persane (dev ) ou arabe (d 稜w n ) qui a désigné, d’une part un recueil de poésie (plus rarement un recueil de prose), d’autre part un registre et de là, peu après l’avènement de l’isl m, un bureau où étaient enregistrés les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • divan — DIVÁN, divane, s.n. I. Canapea fără spătar, pe care se poate şedea sau dormi. II. 1. (În Imperiul Otoman) Consiliu cu atribuţii politice, administrative şi juridice, alcătuit din cei mai înalţi demnitari; (în ţările româneşti) sfat domnesc. ♢… …   Dicționar Român

  • Dîvân — Divan Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diván — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Este artículo incorpora texto de la Encyclopædia Britannica de 1911 (dominio público). Un diván es un tipo de mueble para sentarse, similar al sofá. Originalmente, en Oriente (especialmente en el Imperio Otomano), un …   Wikipedia Español

  • Divan — Di*van , n. [Per. d[=i]w[=a]n a book of many leaves, an account book, a collection of books, a senate, council: cf. Ar. daiw[=a]n, F. divan.] 1. A book; esp., a collection of poems written by one author; as, the divan of Hafiz. [Persia] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • divan — 1580s, Oriental council of state, from Turk. divan, from Arabic diwan, from Pers. devan bundle of written sheets, small book, collection of poems (as in the Divan i Hafiz ), related to debir writer. Sense evolved through book of accounts, to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • divan — DIVAN. s. m. On appelle ainsi en Turquie Le Conseil du Grand Seigneur. Cela fut proposé au Divan …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

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