depreciation

/di pree'shee ay"sheuhn/, n.
1. decrease in value due to wear and tear, decay, decline in price, etc.
2. such a decrease as allowed in computing the value of property for tax purposes.
3. a decrease in the purchasing or exchange value of money.
4. a lowering in estimation.
[1730-40, Amer.; DEPRECIATE + -ION]

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Accounting charge for the decline in value of an asset spread over its economic life.

Depreciation includes deterioration from use, age, and exposure to the elements, as well as decline in value caused by obsolescence, loss of usefulness, and the availability of newer and more efficient means of serving the same purpose. It does not include sudden losses caused by fire, accident, or disaster. Depreciation is often used in assessing the value of property (e.g., buildings, machinery) or other assets of limited life (e.g., a leasehold or copyright) for tax purposes. See also depletion allowance; investment credit.

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      in accounting, the allocation of the cost of an asset over its economic life. Depreciation covers deterioration from use, age, and exposure to the elements. It also includes obsolescence—i.e., loss of usefulness arising from the availability of newer and more efficient types of goods serving the same purpose. It does not cover losses from sudden and unexpected destruction resulting from fire, accident, or disaster.

      Depreciation applies both to tangible property such as machinery and buildings and to intangibles of limited life such as leaseholds and copyrights. It does not apply to land. For convenience, depreciation accounts are usually kept for groups of assets with similar characteristics and working life.

      The general rule of charging off a depreciable asset during its life does not determine what the charge will be each year. Straight-line, fixed-percentage, and, more rarely, annuity methods of depreciation (giving, respectively, constant, gradually decreasing, and gradually increasing charges) are standard. Sometimes charges vary with use (e.g., with the number of miles per year a truck is driven). Special rules allow depletion of nonreproducible capital (such as a body of ore being mined) for tax purposes to exceed original cost.

      Basing depreciation on historical cost rather than on probable replacement cost and on arbitrary rules rather than on actual use has been practiced to establish definite tax liability and to standardize audits of accounts; in times of shifting price levels, however, such bases for measuring depreciation have proved especially imperfect.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Depreciation — Dépréciation En économie, une dépréciation est une perte de valeur d un bien, ou plus généralement d une monnaie. En comptabilité générale, une dépréciation est la constatation comptable d une moins value probable sur un élément d actif. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • depreciation — de·pre·ci·a·tion /di ˌprē shē ā shən/ n 1: any decrease in the value of property (as machinery) for the purpose of taxation that cannot be offset by current repairs and is carried on company books as a yearly charge amortizing the original cost… …   Law dictionary

  • Depreciation — De*pre ci*a tion (d[ e]*pr[=e] sh[i^]*[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. d[ e]pr[ e]ciation.] 1. The act of lessening, or seeking to lessen, price, value, or reputation. [1913 Webster] 2. The falling of value; reduction of worth. Burke. [1913 Webster] 3.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • DEPRECIATION — Снижение стоимости обесценивание валюты, вызванное действием рыночных механизмов и не связанное с действиями государственных организаций Словарь бизнес терминов. Академик.ру. 2001 …   Словарь бизнес-терминов

  • depreciation — 1767, a lowering of value (originally of currency), noun of action from DEPRECIATE (Cf. depreciate). Meaning loss of value of a durable good by age or wear is from 1900 …   Etymology dictionary

  • depreciation — [n] devaluation accounting allowance, deflation, fall, loss of value, reduction, slump; concepts 137,236,240,247 …   New thesaurus

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  • Depreciation — Not to be confused with Deprecation. Depreciation refers to two very different but related concepts: the decrease in value of assets (fair value depreciation), and the allocation of the cost of assets to periods in which the assets are used… …   Wikipedia

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  • depreciation — /dapriyshiyeyshsn/ In accounting, spreading out the cost of a capital asset over its estimated useful life. Depreciation expense reduces the taxable income of an entity but does not reduce the cash. A decline in value of property caused by wear… …   Black's law dictionary

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