denture

/den"cheuhr/, n.
1. an artificial replacement of one or several of the teeth (partial denture), or all of the teeth (full denture) of either or both jaws; dental prosthesis.
2. a set of teeth.
[1870-75; < F, equiv. to dent TOOTH (see DENT2) + -ure -URE]

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      artificial replacement for one or more missing teeth and adjacent gum tissues. A complete denture replaces all the teeth of the upper or lower jaw. Partial dentures are commonly used to replace a single tooth or two or more adjacent teeth. The partial appliance may be removable or fixed; it usually relies on remaining teeth for stability.

      Improved stability is sometimes obtained with overdentures, appliances that use remaining teeth and roots for support. An added advantage of overdentures is that the remaining roots help preserve the alveolar bone—the part of the jawbone that holds the teeth—in turn preserving important bone, nerve, and tissue that tend to degenerate in the presence of complete, full-mouth dentures.

      A two-step system involving the surgical implantation of titanium fixtures—titanium bonds to human bone—and the later attachment of replacement teeth has also been developed. This method was particularly successful with individuals unable to wear dentures because of resorption (shrinkage of the jawbone).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • denture — [ dɑ̃tyr ] n. f. • 1276; de dent 1 ♦ Littér. et didact. Ensemble des dents (d une personne, d un animal). ⇒ dentition. « les petites tares physiologiques, comme la mauvaise denture ou la myopie » (J. Rostand). 2 ♦ (1752) Techn. Ensemble des dents …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • denture — DENTURE. subs. fém. Ordre dans lequel les dents sont rangées. Un belle denture.Denture, en Horlogerie, Le nombre de dents qu on donne à chaque roue. La grande roue règle la denture des autres …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Denture — Den ture (?; 135), n. [L. dens, dentis, tooth: cf. F. denture, OF. denteure.] (Dentistry) An artificial tooth, block, or set of teeth. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • denture — 1874, from Fr. denture set of teeth, from L. dens (gen. dentis, tooth; see TOOTH (Cf. tooth)) + ure (see URE (Cf. ure)). In M.E., the word meant an indenture; a zigzag course (c.1400) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Denture — (franz., spr. dangtǖr ), Zahnwerk, Gebiß …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • denture — ► NOUN ▪ a removable plate or frame holding one or more artificial teeth …   English terms dictionary

  • denture — [den′chər] n. [Fr < dent, tooth < L dens, TOOTH] 1. a set of teeth 2. [often pl.] a fitting for the mouth, with artificial teeth, often a full set …   English World dictionary

  • Denture — La denture d un animal est l ensemble de ses dents. Le nombre, la nature et la disposition des dents varient selon les espèces, et parfois selon les individus. Elle est en général caractéristique du régime alimentaire de l espèce animale. On… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Denture — An artificial set of teeth that can be removed. * * * 1. An artificial substitute for missing natural teeth and adjacent tissues. SYN: artificial dentition. 2. Sometimes used to denote the dentition of animals. bar joint d. SYN: overlay d..… …   Medical dictionary

  • denture — n. a removable replacement for one or more teeth carried on some type of plate or frame. A complete denture replaces all the teeth in one jaw. It is usually made entirely of acrylic resin. A partial denture replaces some teeth because others… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • denture — (dan tu r ) s. f. 1°   Assemblage de dents, naturel ou artificiel.    Ordre dans lequel les dents sont rangées. Une belle denture. 2°   Terme de mécanique et d horlogerie. Le nombre des dents d une roue. HISTORIQUE    XIIIe s. •   Qu aprent… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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