decretal

/di kreet"l/, adj.
1. pertaining to, of the nature of, or containing a decree or decrees.
n.
2. a papal decree authoritatively determining some point of doctrine or church law.
3. Decretals, the body or collection of such decrees as a part of the canon law.
[1350-1400; ME < OF < LL decretalis fixed by decree, equiv. to decret(um) DECREE + -alis -AL1]

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      a reply in writing by the pope to a particular question of church discipline that has been referred to him. In modern usage, such a document is referred to as a rescript (reply). Decretals issued in response to particular questions were authentic decisions for the case in question only and did not have the force of general law. This is true of rescripts in modern church law. Nevertheless, the decretals exercised enormous influence on the development and interpretation of church law because of their frequent application to the solution of analogous situations. At the same time, some decretals became general church law by decree of a pope.

      The name decretalist was applied to commentators on the law of decretals as well as to students of the decretals. The title was first used at the University of Bologna, where the decretals served as the text in the study of canon law. Among the most famous and influential of the decretalists were Tancred (d. c. 1234), archdeacon of Bologna, best known for his work on church marriage law and his manual of ecclesiastical procedural law; Henry of Susa (d. 1271), cardinal bishop of Ostia, known as the “king of law” and author of a “Golden Summary” (Summa Aurea) of the titles of the decretals; St. Raymond of Peñafort (Raymond of Peñafort, Saint) (d. 1275), a Spanish Dominican who compiled the Decretals of Gregory IX at Gregory's direction; and Joannes Andreae (d. 1348), a married lay professor of the decretals at the University of Bologna, who is regarded as the father of the history of canon law.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Decretal — De*cre tal, a. [L. decretalis, fr. decretum. See {Decree}.] Appertaining to a decree; containing a decree; as, a decretal epistle. Ayliffe. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Decretal — De*cre tal, n. [LL. decretale, neut. of L. decretalis. See {Decretal}, a.] 1. (R. C. Ch.) An authoritative order or decree; especially, a letter of the pope, determining some point or question in ecclesiastical law. The decretals form the second… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • decretal — I adjective binding, commanded, commanding, decreed, decretive, decretory, demanded, directive, instructive, jussive, law giving, mandatory, nomothetic, ordered, preceptive, prescriptive associated concepts: decretal paragraph II index… …   Law dictionary

  • decretal — s. f. 1. Antiga carta pontifícia que resolvia qualquer ponto litigioso. 2. Decisão papal sobre uma consulta, em forma de carta. • adj. 2 g. 3. Relativo a decreto. 4. Em forma de decreto …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • decretal — (Del lat. decretālis). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo a las decretales. 2. f. Epístola papal en respuesta a una consulta, que adquiere carácter normativo. 3. Libro en que están recopiladas las epístolas o decisiones pontificias …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • decretal — [dē krēt′ l, dikrēt′ l] adj. [ME < LL decretalis] of or containing a decree n. 1. a decree 2. R.C.Ch. a) a decree issued by the pope on some matter of ecclesiastical discipline b) [usually pl.] any collection of such decrees, formerly a part… …   English World dictionary

  • Decretal — Decretals (Epistolae decretales) is the name that is given in Canon law to those letters of the pope which formulate decisions in ecclesiastical law.[1] They are generally given in answer to consultations, but are sometimes due to the initiative… …   Wikipedia

  • decretal — (Del lat. decretalis [epistola], carta que contiene un decreto.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 RELIGIÓN Epístola en la que el papa contesta a una consulta particular que sirve de regla para todos los casos semejantes. ► sustantivo femenino plural 2… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • decretal — {{#}}{{LM D11637}}{{〓}} {{[}}decretal{{]}} ‹de·cre·tal› {{《}}▍ adj.inv.{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} De las decretales o con características de estas cartas papales: • Las decisiones decretales deben ser acatadas.{{○}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} {{<}}2{{>}} {{♂}}En la …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • decretal — 1. adjective /dɪˈkɹiːtəl/ Pertaining to a decree. [T]his finding, when read in conjunction with the other findings, as well as decretal portions of the final judgment, is more logically interpreted as a reference to the successful operation of… …   Wiktionary

  • Decretal — Ihr Decretal und Landrecht ist: Volumnus oportet. Wir wollen es; es muss sein Steuer, Ungeld, Frontag, Herrenmark, Schirmgeld, Schatzung u.s.w. (Geiler.) …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

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