dandelion

/dan"dl uy'euhn/, n.
1. a weedy composite plant, Taraxacum officinale, having edible, deeply toothed or notched leaves, golden-yellow flowers, and rounded clusters of white, hairy seeds.
2. any other plant of the genus Taraxacum.
[1505-15; < MF, alter. of dent de lion, lit., tooth of (a) lion, trans. of ML dens leonis, in allusion to the toothed leaves]

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Any of the weedy perennial herbaceous plants that make up the genus Taraxacum, in the composite family, native to Eurasia but widespread in much of temperate North America.

The most familiar species, T. officinale, has a rosette of leaves at the base of the plant; a deep taproot; a smooth, hollow stem; and a solitary yellow flower head composed only of ray flowers (no disk flowers). The fruit is a ball-shaped cluster of many small, tufted, one-seeded fruits. The young leaves are edible; the roots can be used as a coffee substitute.

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plant
 weedy perennial herb of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae, native to Eurasia but widespread throughout much of temperate North America. The most familiar species is T. officinale.

      It has a rosette of leaves at the base of the plant; a deep taproot; a smooth, hollow stem; leaves that may be nearly smooth-margined, toothed, or deeply cut; and a solitary yellow flower head composed only of ray flowers (no disk flowers). The fruit is a ball-shaped cluster of many small, tufted, one-seeded fruits. The bitter young leaves are used in salads, and the roots can be used to make a coffee-like beverage.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Dandelion — Single par The Rolling Stones Face A We Love You Sortie 18 août 1967 (UK) 2 septembre 1967 (US) Durée 3:32 Genre pop …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dandelion — Dan de*li on, n. [F. dent de lion lion s tooth, fr. L. dens tooth + leo lion. See {Tooth}, n., and {Lion}.] (Bot.) A well known plant of the genus {Taraxacum} ({Taraxacum officinale}, formerly called {Taraxacum Dens leonis} and {Leontodos… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dandelion — (n.) early 15c., earlier dent de lioun (late 14c.), from M.Fr. dent de lion, lit. lion s tooth (from its toothed leaves), translation of M.L. dens leonis. Other folk names, like tell time refer to the custom of telling the time by blowing the… …   Etymology dictionary

  • dandelion — ► NOUN ▪ a weed with large bright yellow flowers followed by rounded heads of seeds with downy tufts. ORIGIN French dent de lion lion s tooth (because of the jagged shape of the leaves) …   English terms dictionary

  • dandelion — [dan′də lī΄ən; ] widely [, dan′dēlīn΄] n. [ME dentdelyon < OFr dent de lion, lit., tooth of the lion < L dens (gen. dentis), TOOTH + de, of + leo, lion: so called from the jagged leaves] any of several plants (genus Taraxacum) of the… …   English World dictionary

  • Dandelion — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Dandelion – Eine Liebe in Idaho Originaltitel Dandelion …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • dandelion — n. a composite plant, Taraxacum officinale, with jagged leaves and a large bright yellow flower on a hollow stalk, followed by a globular head of seeds with downy tufts. Phrases and idioms: dandelion clock the downy seed head of a dandelion.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • dandelion — UK [ˈdændɪˌlaɪən] / US [ˈdænd(ə)lˌaɪən] noun [countable] Word forms dandelion : singular dandelion plural dandelions a wild plant with a large yellow flower that changes into a furry white ball of seeds called a dandelion clock …   English dictionary

  • dandelion — 1. noun /ˈdæn.dɪ.laɪən/ a) Any of the several species of plant in the genus Taraxacum, characterised yellow flower heads and notched, broad ended leaves, especially the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). b) The flower head or fruiting head… …   Wiktionary

  • dandelion — paprastoji kiaulpienė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Astrinių šeimos daržovinis, maistinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis, medingas augalas (Taraxacum officinale), paplitęs Europoje ir Azijoje. Iš jo šaknų gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai),… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

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