Damietta

/dam'ee et"euh/, n.
a city in NE Egypt, in the Nile delta. 110,000. Arabic, Dumyat.

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Egypt
Arabic  Dumyāṭ , also spelled  Dimyat 

      city, capital of Dumyāṭ muḥāfaẓah (governorate), in the Nile River delta, Lower Egypt, on the Mediterranean coast. Damietta, the port of the governorate, is located 8 miles (13 km) from the Mediterranean, on the right (east) bank of the Damietta branch of the Nile. The name is a corruption of the ancient Coptic Tamiati.

      An important city of ancient Egypt, Damietta was formerly closer to the sea than it is at present. It declined with the development of Alexandria (after 322 BC). In AD 638 it fell to Arab invaders, who made it a commercial centre famous for its textiles. Frequently attacked by the Crusaders, it was only briefly in their hands (1219–21; 1249–50). The settlement's vulnerability to sea attacks led the Mamlūk sultan Baybars I (reigned 1260–77) to raze the town and fortifications, block access to the Damietta branch of the river, and erect a new town called Damietta 4 miles (6.4 km) inland on the present site. During both the Mamlūk and the Ottoman periods, the town was used as a place of banishment. After the construction in 1819 of the Mahmudiyah Canal, which diverted much of the Nile's shipping to Alexandria, Damietta's importance as a trade centre diminished, although it retained some trade, principally with Syria.

      In modern times dredging of the channel revived Damietta's port; the port facilities were upgraded to relieve the overcrowding at Alexandria, but much traffic has been diverted to the west of Alexandria or east to Port Said. The city's industries include furniture and clothing manufacturing, leatherworking, flour milling, and fishing. The city has several fine mosques. Damietta is linked to Cairo by rail via Banhā (Benha) and to Port Said and the Suez Canal zone by highway. Pop. (1996 prelim.) 78,854.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DAMIETTA — (Ar. Dumyāt; in the Bible: Jer. 47:4 – isle of Caphtor; and Isa. 30:4 – Hanes), city in Egypt, about eight miles from the Mediterranean Sea. In medieval times, Damietta was an important commercial town, through which goods were transferred from… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Damietta — • An Egyptian titular see for the Latins and the Catholic Melchite Greeks, in Augustamnica Prima Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Damietta     Damietta      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Damietta — [dam΄ē et′ə] seaport in N Egypt, in the E Nile delta: pop. 113,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Damietta — Damiat redirects here. For the Bulgarian wine grape also known as Damiat, see Dimiat. Damietta Capture of Damietta by Frisian crusaders …   Wikipedia

  • Damietta — DMS …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Damietta — Original name in latin Damietta Name in other language Damiata, Damietta, Damiette, Dimyat, Dimy Dum jat, Dumiat, Dumqat, Dumyat, Dumy Dumy QDX, dmyat, Думьят State code EG Continent/City Africa/Cairo longitude 31.41648 latitude 31.81332 altitude …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Damietta — geographical name city & port N Egypt population 93,488 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Damietta — ► Gobernación del N de Egipto, en la región del delta; 589 km2 y 690 000 h. Cap., la c. homónima (86 000 h) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • DAMIETTA —    (36), a town, the third largest, in Egypt, on an eastern branch of the Nile, 8 m. from its mouth; has a trade in grain, rice, hides, fish, &c.; was taken by St. Louis in 1249, and restored on payment of his ransom from captivity …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Damietta — Dumyat …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

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