daguerreotype

daguerreotyper, daguerreotypist, n.daguerreotypic /deuh gair'euh tip"ik, -ee euh tip"-/, adj.daguerreotypy, n.
/deuh gair"euh tuyp', -ee euh tuyp'/, n., v., daguerreotyped, daguerreotyping.
n.
1. an obsolete photographic process, invented in 1839, in which a picture made on a silver surface sensitized with iodine was developed by exposure to mercury vapor.
2. a picture made by this process.
v.t.
3. to photograph by this process.
[1830-40; named after L. J. M. DAGUERRE; see -O-, -TYPE]

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First successful form of photography.

It is named for Louis Daguerre, who invented the technique in collaboration with Nicéphore Niepce. They found that if a copper plate coated with silver iodide was exposed to light in a camera, then fumed with mercury vapour, and fixed (made permanent) by a solution of common salt, a permanent image would be formed. The first daguerreotype image was produced in 1837, by which time Niepce had died, so the process was named for Daguerre. Many daguerreotypes, especially portraits, were made in the mid 19th century; the technique was gradually replaced by the wet collodion process, introduced in 1851.

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 first successful form of photography, named for Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (Daguerre, Louis-Jacques-Mandé) of France, who invented the technique in collaboration with Nicéphore Niépce (Niépce, Nicéphore) in the 1830s. Daguerre and Niépce found that if a copper plate coated with silver iodide was exposed to light in a camera, then fumed with mercury vapour and fixed (made permanent) by a solution of common salt, a permanent image would be formed. A great number of daguerreotypes, especially portraits, were made in the mid-19th century; the technique was supplanted by the wet collodion process.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DAGUERRÉOTYPE — On désigne par daguerréotype le procédé photographique mis au point en 1839 par J. L. M. Daguerre à partir de la découverte de l’héliographie par Nicéphore Niepce. Mais, alors que le procédé de Niepce restait peu performant (lenteur et complexité …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Daguerreotype — Daguerréotype Cet article fait partie de la série Photographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Daguerreotype — Da*guerre o*type (d[.a]*g[e^]r [ o]*t[imac]p), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Daguerreotyped} ( t[imac]pt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Daguerreotyping} ( t[imac] p[i^]ng).] 1. To produce or represent by the daguerreotype process, as a picture. [1913 Webster] 2. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • daguerréotypé — daguerréotypé, ée (da ghé ré o ti pé, pée) part. passé. Reproduit par le daguerréotype …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • daguerreotype — 1839, from Fr. daguerreotype, coined from name of inventor, Louis Daguerre (1789 1851) + type (see TYPE (Cf. type)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Daguerreotype — Da*guerre o*type (d[.a]*g[e^]r [ o]*t[imac]p), n. [From Daguerre the inventor + type.] 1. An early variety of photograph, produced on a silver plate, or copper plate covered with silver, and rendered sensitive by the action of iodine, or iodine… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • daguerréotype — DAGUERRÉOTYPE: Remplacera la peinture (voir photographie) …   Dictionnaire des idées reçues

  • daguerreotype — (also daguerrotype) ► NOUN ▪ a photograph taken by an early process using an iodine sensitized silver coated copper plate and mercury vapour. ORIGIN French, named after L. J. M. Daguerre (1789 1851), its French inventor …   English terms dictionary

  • daguerreotype — ☆ daguerreotype [də ger′ō tīp΄, də ger′ē ōtīp΄ ] n. [after Louis J. M. Daguerre (1789 1851), Fr painter who developed the method] 1. a photograph made by an early method on a plate of chemically treated metal 2. this method vt. daguerreotyped,… …   English World dictionary

  • Daguerreotype — 1840 1841 Camerae obscurae and plates for Daguerreotype called Grand Photographe produced by Charles Chevalier (Musée des Arts et Métiers) …   Wikipedia

  • Daguerréotype — Le daguerréotype est un procédé photographique mis au point par Louis Daguerre. Il produit une image sans négatif sur une surface en argent, polie comme un miroir, exposée directement à la lumière. Sommaire 1 Histoire 2 Les ateliers de… …   Wikipédia en Français

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