- a small carved cylinder used esp. by the ancient Mesopotamians to impress a design in wet clay.[1885-90]
* * *Small stone cylinder engraved in intaglio on its surface to leave impressions when rolled on wet clay.It first appeared с 3400–2900 BC and is considered to be one of the finest artistic achievements of Mesopotamia. The earliest examples used geometric or animal patterns; later seals incorporated the owner's name and depicted a variety of motifs. They were used to mark personal property and make documents legally binding. The seals were adopted in Egypt and the Indus civilization.
* * *▪ ancient artsmall stone cylinder engraved in intaglio on its surface to leave impressions when rolled on wet clay. Cylinder seals are characteristic artifacts of ancient Mesopotamian civilization and are considered some of its finest artistic achievements. The seals first appear during the Protoliterate Period (c. 3400–2900 BC), and, although the earliest examples used primarily geometric, magical, or animal patterns, later seals incorporated the owner's name and depicted a variety of motifs. Sometimes the elements were arranged in symmetrical, decorative patterns; often, however, an action was represented.Cylinder seals were employed in marking personal property and in making documents legally binding. Their fashioning and use were adopted by surrounding civilizations, such as those of Egypt and the Indus valley.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Cylinder seal — Mesopotamian limestone cylinder seal and impression worship of Shamash, (Louvre). A cylinder seal is a cylinder engraved with a picture story , used in ancient times to roll an impression onto a two dimensional surface, generally wet clay.… … Wikipedia
cylinder seal — cyl′inder seal n. ara (esp. in ancient Mesopotamia) a small cylinder carved with the seal of a king or other authority and rolled upon a clay document as an official signature • Etymology: 1885–90 … From formal English to slang
cylinder seal — noun Date: 1887 a cylinder (as of stone) engraved in intaglio and used especially in ancient Mesopotamia to roll an impression on wet clay … New Collegiate Dictionary
cylinder seal — noun : a cylinder of stone or other hard material engraved in intaglio upon the curved surface and used especially in ancient Mesopotamia to roll an identifying impression on wet clay (as in sealing a jar or writing tablet) … Useful english dictionary
cylinder seal — noun Archaeology a small barrel shaped stone object bearing an incised design or cuneiform inscription, used as a seal in ancient Mesopotamia … English new terms dictionary
Seal — may refer to:Legal* Seal (contract law), a legal formality for contracts and other instruments * Seal (device), an official stamp or symbol used as a means of authentication * Seal (Chinese), a stamp used in East Asia as a form of a signature *… … Wikipedia
Cylinder — most commonly refers to: Cylinder (geometry), a three dimensional geometric shape Cylinder may also refer to: Contents 1 Science and technology 1.1 Information storage … Wikipedia
Seal (emblem) — Present day impression of a Late Bronze Age seal … Wikipedia
Seal (device) — A seal can mean a wax seal bearing an impressed figure, or an embossed figure in paper, with the purpose of authenticating a document, but the term can also mean any device for making such impressions or embossments, essentially being a mould… … Wikipedia
seal — seal1 sealable, adj. /seel/, n. 1. an embossed emblem, figure, symbol, word, letter, etc., used as attestation or evidence of authenticity. 2. a stamp, medallion, ring, etc., engraved with such a device, for impressing paper, wax, lead, or the… … Universalium