- /ee"seuhp, ee"sop/, n.c620-c560 B.C., Greek writer of fables.
* * *Supposed author of a collection of Greek fables, almost certainly a legendary figure.Though Herodotus, in the 5th century BC, said that he was an actual personage, "Aesop" was probably no more than a name invented to provide an author for fables centring on beasts. Aesopian fables emphasize the social interactions of human beings, and the morals they draw tend to embody advice on how to deal with the competitive realities of life. The Western fable tradition effectively begins with these tales. Modern editions list some 200 Aesopian fables.Aesop, with a fox, from the central medallion of a kylix, c. 470 BC; in the Gregorian ...Alinari/Art Resource
* * *▪ legendary Greek fabulistthe supposed author of a collection of Greek fables (fable), almost certainly a legendary figure. Various attempts were made in ancient times to establish him as an actual personage. Herodotus in the 5th century BC said that he had lived in the 6th century and that he was a slave, and Plutarch in the 1st century AD made him adviser to Croesus, the 6th-century-BC king of Lydia. One tradition holds that he came from Thrace, while a later one styles him a Phrygian. An Egyptian biography of the 1st century AD places him on the island of Samos as a slave who gained his freedom from his master, thence going to Babylon as riddle solver to King Lycurgus, and, finally, meeting his death at Delphi. The probability is that Aesop was no more than a name invented to provide an author for fables centring on beasts, so that “a story of Aesop” became synonymous with “fable.” The importance of fables lay not so much in the story told as in the moral derived from it.The first-known collection of the fables ascribed to Aesop was produced by Demetrius Phalareus in the 4th century BC, but it did not survive beyond the 9th century AD. A collection of fables that relied heavily on the Aesop corpus was that of Phaedrus, which was produced at Rome in the 1st century AD. Phaedrus' treatment of them greatly influenced the way in which they were used by later writers, notably by the 17th-century French poet and fabulist Jean de La Fontaine (La Fontaine, Jean de).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Aesop — (also spelled Æsop, from the Greek Unicode|Αἴσωπος Aisōpos ) (620 560 BC), known only for the genre of fables ascribed to him, was by tradition a slave ( δούλος ) who was a contemporary of Croesus and Peisistratus in the mid sixth century BC in… … Wikipedia
AESOP — (all employee share ownership plan) A HM Revenue & Customs approved share scheme which offers tax benefits, now known as share incentive plans. Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. www.practicallaw.com. 2010 … Law dictionary
Aesop — Gk. Aisopos, semi legendary 6c. B.C.E. fablist … Etymology dictionary
AESOP — (Automated Endoscopic System for Optimal Positioning) (Medicine) voice controlled robotic system which holds and maneuvers an endoscope during surgical procedures (manufactured by Computer Motion Inc.) … English contemporary dictionary
Aesop — [ē′səp, ēsäp΄] real or legendary Gr. author of fables: supposed to have lived 6th cent. B.C … English World dictionary
Aesop — So sah der spanische Maler Diego Velasquez den griechischen Dichter Äsop Aesop, Abbildung in der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Aesop — (6th c. BC) Greek teller of fables, or stories with a satirical and moral twist. The life of Aesop is itself a fable: he is traditionally supposed to have been hunchbacked and ugly (which may be a symbol of racial stereotyping), to have been the… … Philosophy dictionary
AESOP — An Evolutionary System for On line Programming. frühes interaktives Query System mit Lightpen für IBM 1800 Systeme. > AESOP: A Final Report: A Prototype Interactive Information Control System , J.K. Summers et al, in Information System Science … Acronyms
Aesop — Ae|sop (?620 ?560 BC) an ancient Greek writer who wrote short stories known as Aesop s Fables, which teach moral lessons using characters who are animals. His fables include The Fox and the Grapes and The Tortoise and the Hare … Dictionary of contemporary English
AESOP — An Evolutionary System for On line Programming. frühes interaktives Query System mit Lightpen für IBM 1800 Systeme. > AESOP: A Final Report: A Prototype Interactive Information Control System , J.K. Summers et al, in Information System Science … Acronyms von A bis Z