River, west-central Israel.It rises near Rosh Ha-Ayin and flows westward for about 16 mi (26 km) to the Mediterranean Sea near northern Tel Aviv-Jaffa. It marks the boundary between the Plain of Sharon and the coastal lowlands. Since the construction and expansion of the Yarqon-Negev Project in the 1950s (see Negev), the water level has gone down, and pollution has increased. During World War I (1914–18), it was the site of several important British victories over the Ottoman Empire in the Allied Powers' conquest of Palestine.
* * *also spelled Yarkon River, Hebrew Naḥal Yarqon,river in west-central Israel, the principal perennial stream flowing almost entirely within the country. The name is derived from the Hebrew word yaroq (“green”); it was formerly called by the Arabs Nahr el-ʿAuja (“The Tortuous River”). The Yarqon rises in springs near Rosh ha-ʿAyin and flows westward for about 16 miles (26 km) to the Mediterranean in northern Tel Aviv–Yafo. It marks the boundary between the Plain of Sharon (north) and the coastal lowlands (south). The seasonal watercourses west of Rosh ha-ʿAyin, which form part of the drainage system, extend eastward into the West Bank. They include the Wadi Shillo (Dayr Ballūṭ) in the east, usually considered by geographers to mark the boundary between historic Judaea and Samaria, and the Wadi Ayyalon (Aijalon) in the southeast. In the valley of the latter, according to the Bible, the moon stood still during Joshua's conquest of the Amorites (Joshua 10).Until the 1950s the Yarqon was a pleasant stream frequented by boaters; since the construction and expansion of the Yarqon-Negev Project, part of the National Water Plan (1955 and following), the water level has gone down and pollution has increased.The Yarqon basin was the centre of several 19th and early 20th-century Jewish settlements, including Petaḥ Tiqwa, Bene Beraq, Ramat Gan, and Tel Aviv, that have grown into cities. It was also the site of several important British victories over the Turks in their conquest of Palestine during World War I. At the mouth of the river, in Tel Aviv, a shallow-draft port was built during the prolonged strike of the Arab port workers of Jaffa (1936); after World War II, however, it was abandoned.Near the river's mouth, adjacent to the campus of Tel Aviv University, are the important archaeological excavations of Tell Qasile.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… … Universalium
Yarkon River — Geobox River name = Yarkon River native name = he. נחל הירקון, Nahal HaYarkon other name = Yarqon River other name1 = image size = image caption = etymology = country = Israel country1 = state = state1 = region = region1 = district = district1 =… … Wikipedia
Tel Aviv–Yafo — or Tel Aviv–Jaffa City (pop., 1999 est.: 348,100) and main port of Israel. The hub of Israel s largest urban centre, it was formed in 1950 by the incorporation of the ancient port of Jaffa with Tel Aviv, its former suburb. Tel Aviv was founded in … Universalium
Israel — /iz ree euhl, ray /, n. 1. a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean: formed as a Jewish state May 1948. 5,534,672; 7984 sq. mi. (20,679 sq. km). Cap.: Jerusalem. 2. the people traditionally descended from Jacob; the Hebrew or Jewish people. 3 … Universalium
Cypriniformes — Loach redirects here. For other uses, see Loach (disambiguation). Cypriniformes Temporal range: Paleocene–Recent … Wikipedia
Sharon, Plain of — Mediterranean coastal plain, western Israel. Extending about 55 mi (90 km) from Mount Carmel to Tel Aviv–Yafo and roughly triangular in shape, it has been inhabited since remote antiquity. Its name occurs in the Bible and is mentioned in Egyptian … Universalium
Petah Tiqwa — [pe tä′ tēk′vä] city in WC Israel: pop. 153,000 * * * ▪ Israel city, west central Israel, on the Plain of Sharon, east northeast of Tel Aviv Yafo and part of that city s metropolitan area. Situated in the valley of Achor near the Yarqon… … Universalium
Acanthobrama telavivensis — Taxobox name = Acanthobrama telavivensis status = EW | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Actinopterygii ordo = Cypriniformes familia = Cyprinidae genus = Acanthobrama species = A. telavivensis binomial =… … Wikipedia