Warhol, Andy

orig. Andrew Warhola

born Aug. 6, 1928?, Pittsburgh?, Pa., U.S.
died Feb. 22, 1987, New York, N.Y.

U.S. artist and filmmaker.

The son of Czech immigrants, Warhol graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, in 1949. He then went to New York City, where he worked as a commercial illustrator. Warhol began painting in the late 1950s and received sudden notoriety in 1962, when he exhibited paintings of Campbell's soup cans, Coca-Cola bottles, and wooden replicas of Brillo soap-pad boxes. By 1963 he was mass-producing these purposely banal images of consumer goods by means of photographic silk screen prints; he then began printing endless variations of portraits of celebrities in garish colours. The silk screen technique was ideally suited to Warhol, for the repeated image was reduced to a dehumanized cultural icon that reflected both the supposed emptiness of American material culture and the artist's emotional distance from the practice of his art. Warhol's work placed him in the forefront of the emerging Pop art movement in the United States. As the 1960s progressed, Warhol devoted more of his energy to filmmaking. His "underground" films are known for their inventive eroticism, plotless boredom, and inordinate length (up to 25 hours). Throughout the 1970s and until his death he continued to produce prints depicting political and Hollywood celebrities, and he involved himself in a wide range of advertising illustrations and other commercial art projects. He was one of the most famous and important American cultural figures of the late 20th century, and the effects of his conceptions of art and celbrity continue to be felt.

* * *

▪ American artist
original name  Andrew Warhola  
born August 6, 1928?, Pittsburgh?, Pennsylvania, U.S.
died February 22, 1987, New York, New York
 American artist and filmmaker, an initiator and leading exponent of the Pop art movement of the 1960s whose mass-produced art apotheosized the supposed banality of the commercial culture of the United States. An adroit self-publicist, he projected a concept of the artist as an impersonal, even vacuous, figure who is nevertheless a successful celebrity, businessman, and social climber.

      The son of Czechoslovak immigrants, Warhol graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, with a degree in pictorial design in 1949. He then went to New York City, where he worked as a commercial illustrator for about a decade. Warhol began painting in the late 1950s and received sudden notoriety in 1962, when he exhibited paintings of Campbell's soup cans, Coca-Cola bottles, and wooden replicas of Brillo soap pad boxes. By 1963 he was mass-producing these purposely banal images of consumer goods by means of photographic silk screen prints, and he then began printing endless variations of portraits of celebrities in garish colours. The silk screen technique was ideally suited to Warhol, for the repeated image was reduced to an insipid and dehumanized cultural icon that reflected both the supposed emptiness of American material culture and the artist's emotional noninvolvement with the practice of his art. Warhol's work placed him in the forefront of the emerging Pop art movement in America.

      As the 1960s progressed, Warhol devoted more of his energy to filmmaking. Usually classed as underground films, such motion pictures of his as The Chelsea Girls (1966), Eat (1963), My Hustler (1965), and Blue Movie (1969) are known for their inventive eroticism, plotless boredom, and inordinate length (up to 25 hours). In 1968 Warhol was shot and nearly killed by one of his would-be followers, a member of his assemblage of underground film and rock music stars, assorted hangers-on, and social curiosities. Warhol had by this time become a well-known fixture on the fashion and avant-garde art scene and was an influential celebrity in his own right. Throughout the 1970s and until his death he continued to produce prints depicting political and Hollywood celebrities, and he involved himself in a wide range of advertising illustrations and other commercial art projects. His The Philosophy of Andy Warhol, published in 1975, was followed by Portraits of the Seventies (1979) and Andy Warhol's Exposures (1979).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Warhol, Andy — • УО РХОЛ (Warhol) Энди (р. 8.8.1927, по др. данным, 1930)    амер. режиссёр, художник. Закончил Технологич. ин т Карнеги в Питсбурге. В кино выступил с экспериментами по эстетизации обыденных ситуаций: ф. Сон (1964) представлял собой… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Warhol, Andy — ► (1930 87) Artista y cineasta estadounidense. Utilizó la fotografía, mediante la serigrafía aplicada sobre telas, para multi plicar series. Autor de Marylin (1962). Como cineasta, y dentro del pop art, destaca por Kiss (1963) y Chelsea girls… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Warhol,Andy — War·hol (wôrʹhôl , hōl ), Andy. 1930? 1987. American artist. A leader of the pop art movement, he produced paintings and silk screen prints of commonplace images, such as soup cans and photographs of celebrities. * * * …   Universalium

  • Warhol, Andy — War|hol, Andy [ wɔr,hɔl, ændi ] a U.S. artist famous for his pictures of objects from ordinary life. He was part of the pop art movement of the 1960s …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Warhol, Andy —    see Warhola, Andrew …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Warhol, Andy — pseud. di Warhola, Andrew …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Warhol, Andy —   (1928 87)   see America , art , artists , hyper reality , transaesthetics and transpolitics …   The Baudrillard dictionary

  • Warhol — Warhol, Andy …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andy Warhol — Andy Warhol, 1977. Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Warhol — Andy Warhol [ˈændi ˈwɔːɹhoʊl] (* 6. August 1928 in Pittsburgh, PA; † 22. Februar 1987 in New York City; eigentlich Andrew Warhola) war ein US amerikanischer Grafiker, Künstler, Filmemacher und Verleger sowie Mitbegründer und bedeutender Vertreter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.