McKim, Charles Follen

born Aug. 24, 1847, Chester County, Pa., U.S.
died Sept. 14, 1909, St. James, Long Island, N.Y.

U.S. architect.

He was educated at Harvard University and in Paris at the École des Beaux-Arts. In 1879 he joined William Rutherford Mead and Stanford White to found McKim, Mead & White, the most successful U.S. architectural firm of its time. Until 1887 the firm excelled at Shingle style residences. In later years it championed the formal Renaissance tradition and its Classical antecedents, helping to inspire a Neoclassical revival. Among the widely admired examples of McKim's formal planning are the Boston Public Library (1887), the Columbia University Library (1893), the building program of the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago (1893, with Daniel H. Burnham and Richard Morris Hunt), and in New York City the Morgan Library (1903) and the magnificent Pennsylvania Railway Station (1904–10; demolished 1963).

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▪ American architect
born Aug. 24, 1847, Chester county, Pa., U.S.
died Sept. 14, 1909, St. James, Long Island, N.Y.
 American architect who was of primary importance in the American Neoclassical revival.

      McKim was educated at Harvard University and at the École des Beaux-Arts (“School of Fine Arts”) in Paris. He was trained as a draftsman by the architect Henry Hobson Richardson (Richardson, Henry Hobson) while the latter was completing Trinity Church in Boston. In 1879 McKim joined William Rutherford Mead and Stanford White to found McKim, Mead & White, which became the most successful and influential American architectural firm of its time. Until 1887 the firm excelled at informal summer houses built of shingles, and McKim designed one of the most significant of these, the residence at Bristol, R.I., of W.G. Low (1887); other examples of the firm's work cluster at Newport, R.I., on the New Jersey shore, and on Long Island, N.Y.

      In later years the firm was famous for championing the formal tradition of the Italian Renaissance and its Classical antecedents, particularly because the styles embodied a view of the increasingly powerful United States that placed it in this grand lineage. Among the celebrated examples of the formal planning of McKim are the Boston Public Library (1887) and in New York City the Columbia University Library (1893), the University Club (1899), the Morgan Library (1903), and Pennsylvania Station (1904–10; demolished). The railway station was the largest of these buildings; its enormous hall, with its vaulted ceiling, was explicitly based on the baths of Caracalla (Caracalla, Baths of) in Rome. With Daniel H. Burnham (Burnham, Daniel H.) and Richard Morris Hunt (Hunt, Richard Morris), McKim developed and oversaw the building program of the World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago in 1893, which was inspired by Classical styles. McKim designed the Agricultural Building. He also aided Burnham (Burnham, Daniel H.) in reviving Pierre L'Enfant (L'Enfant, Pierre-Charles)'s plan for Washington, D.C., and was the originator of the American Academy in Rome.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • McKim,Charles Follen — Mc·Kim (mə kĭmʹ), Charles Follen. 1847 1909. American architect who was a leading proponent of the neoclassic revival. His designs include those of the Boston Public Library (1887) and the Rhode Island state capitol (1892). * * * …   Universalium

  • McKIM, Charles Follen — (1847 1909)    Charles McKim is one of the three architects of the famous firm McKim, Mead, and White, which did much to define monumental architecture at the turn of the century. Working mainly along the East Coast, the firm is credited with the …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • McKim, Charles Follen — (24 ago. 1847, cond. de Chester, Pa., EE.UU.–14 sep. 1909, St. James, Long Island, N.Y.). Arquitecto estadounidense. Estudió en la Universidad de Harvard y en la École des Beaux Arts, en París. En 1879 se unió a William Rutherford Mead y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Follen McKim — Charles Follen McKim. Portrait von Frances Benjamin Johnston. Charles Follen McKim (* 24. August 1847 in Chester County, Pennsylvania, USA; † 14. September 1909) war einer der prominentesten US amerikanischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Follen McKim — Charles Follen McKim, en un retrato de Frances Benjamin Johnston. Charles Follen McKim (24 de agosto de 1847 14 de septiembre de 1909) fue uno de los más destacados arquitectos estadounidenses del Beaux Arts a finales del siglo XIX. Nació en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Follen McKim — Charles Follen McKim, portrait by Frances Benjamin Johnston. Charles Follen McKim FAIA (August 24, 1847 – September 14, 1909) was an American Beaux Arts architect of the late 19th century. Along with Stanford White, he provided the architectural… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Follen McKim — (né le 24 août 1847 en Pennsylvanie décédé le 14 septembre 1909 à New York) était un architecte américain qui a étudié à l école des beaux arts de Paris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles Follen McKim — noun United States neoclassical architect (1847 1909) • Syn: ↑McKim • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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