McCarthy, Joseph R(aymond)

born Nov. 14, 1908, near Appleton, Wis., U.S.
died May 2, 1957, Bethesda, Md.

U.S. politician.

He was a Wisconsin circuit judge (1940–42) before enlisting in the Marine Corps in World War II. In 1946 he upset Robert La Follette, Jr., to win election to the U.S. Senate. He remained little known until 1950, when he publicly charged that 205 communists had infiltrated the U.S. State Department. Reelected in 1952, he obtained the chairmanship of the Senate's permanent subcommittee on investigations, and for the next two years he investigated various government departments and questioned innumerable witnesses about their suspected communist affiliations. To his supporters, McCarthy was a dedicated patriot and a guardian of genuine Americanism; to his detractors, he was an irresponsible witch-hunter who was undermining the nation's traditions of civil liberties. The persecution of innocent persons on the charge of being communists and the forced conformity that this practice engendered in American public life came to be known as McCarthyism. His influence waned after 1954, when exposure of his truculent interrogative tactics in nationally televised hearings helped to turn public opinion against him. Later that year he was censured by the Senate for conduct "contrary to Senate traditions."

Joseph McCarthy.

National Archives, Washington, D.C.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • McCarthy, Joseph R(aymond) — (14 nov. 1908, cerca de Appleton, Wis., EE.UU.–2 may. 1957, Bethesda, Md.). Político estadounidense. Fue juez de circuito en Wisconsin (1940–42) antes de entrar a la infantería de marina durante la segunda guerra mundial. En 1946 derrotó a Robert …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • McCarthy — (una variante de MacCarthy) es un apellido popular en EEUU, el Reino Unido e Irlanda, de donde es originario. Proviene de Carthach un rey irlandés del siglo X de la dinastía Éogonacht. El hijo de Carthach se llamaba Muireadhach mac Carthaigh… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph — (as used in expressions) Abbot, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell) Addison, Joseph Akiba ben Joseph Jacques Joseph Ahearn Arrow, Kenneth J(oseph) Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Banks, Sir Joseph Belloc, (Joseph Pierre) Hilaire Berrigan, Daniel (Joseph) y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • McCarthy — /meuh kahr thee/, n. 1. Cormac, /kawr mak, meuhk/, born 1933, U.S. novelist. 2. Joseph R(aymond), 1909 57, U.S. politician. 3. Joseph Vincent, 1887 1978, U.S. baseball manager. 4. Mary (Therese), born 1912, U.S. novelist. * * * (as used in… …   Universalium

  • McCarthy — Mc•Car•thy [[t]məˈkɑr θi[/t]] n. 1) big Joseph R(aymond), 1909–57, U.S. politician 2) big Mary (Therese), 1912–89, U.S. novelist …   From formal English to slang

  • McCarthy — /məˈkaθi/ (say muh kahthee) noun 1. Dudley, 1911–87, Australian ambassador and author. 2. Joseph R(aymond), 1908–57, US Republican senator who initiated the infamous investigations of alleged Communist infiltration into the US government. 3.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Raymond — (as used in expressions) Aron, Raymond (Claude Ferdinand) Chandler, Raymond (Thornton) Tyrus Raymond Cobb Dart, Raymond Arthur Flatt, Lester (Raymond) Hood, Raymond M(athewson) Kroc, Ray(mond Albert) Leavis, F(rank) R(aymond) Loewy, Raymond… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Liste Des Évêques D'Austin — (Dioecesis Austiniensis) L évêché d Austin est créé le 15 novembre 1947, par détachement de ceux de Galveston, de Dallas et de San Antonio. Sont évêques 29 novembre 1947 15 novembre 1971: Louis Reicher (Louis Joseph Reicher) 15 novembre 1971 25… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des évêques d'Austin — (Dioecesis Austiniensis) L évêché d Austin est créé le 15 novembre 1947, par détachement de ceux de Galveston, de Dallas et de San Antonio. Sont évêques 29 novembre 1947 15 novembre 1971: Louis Reicher (Louis Joseph Reicher) 15 novembre 1971 25… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Austin — The Roman Catholic Diocese of Austin (Latin: Dioecesis Austiniensis ) is a Roman Catholic diocese covering twenty five counties in Texas. The diocese was founded on November 15, 1947. It is suffragan to the Archdiocese of Galveston Houston.The… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.