Macquarie Harbour

Inlet of the Indian Ocean, western Tasmania, Australia.

It is 20 mi (32 km) long and 5 mi (8 km) wide. Visited in 1815 by Capt. James Kelly, it was named after Lachlan Macquarie, governor of New South Wales. Its coast was the site of a penal colony 1821–33.

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      inlet of the Indian Ocean indenting western Tasmania, Australia. A fault valley modified by glaciation, it extends 20 miles (32 km) northwest-southeast and is about 5 miles (8 km) wide. It receives the King River from the northeast and the Gordon from the southeast. A bar across the narrow mouth of the inlet (Hell's Gates) severely limits the use of port facilities at Strahan on Long Bay, a northern extension of the harbour. The inlet was probably visited in 1815 by an adventurer, Captain James Kelly, and was named after Lachlan Macquarie (Macquarie, Lachlan), then governor of New South Wales. In 1821 the coastal area was chosen for a penal colony to punish transported convicts who had further misbehaved. This settlement, centring on Sarah (Settlement) Island, lasted until 1833, when the difficulty of supply forced its abandonment. Deserted for more than 40 years, the harbour later saw activity with gold mining in the King valley and timber cutting in the Gordon. Sarah Island and the outlying Isle of the Condemned are now historical reserves.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Macquarie Harbour — /məkwɒri ˈhabə/ (say muhkworee hahbuh) noun an inlet on the western coast of Tasmania; penal settlement 1822–34. 32 km long. {named after Governor L Macquarie1} Macquarie Harbour, in territory traditionally occupied by the Toogee people, was… …   Australian English dictionary

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  • Macquarie — ist der Familienname von: Lachlan Macquarie (1762–1824), Gouverneur der damaligen Kolonie New South Wales in Australien Elizabeth Macquarie (1778–1835), zweite Frau des Gouverneurs Macquarie (nach Lachlan Macquarie) heißen: Macquarie (Australian… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • harbour — /hahr beuhr/, n., v.t., v.i. Chiefly Brit. harbor. Usage. See or1. * * * (as used in expressions) harbour seal Macquarie Harbour Waitemata Harbour * * * …   Universalium

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