Ibsen, Henrik (Johan)

born March 20, 1828, Skien, Nor.
died May 23, 1906, Kristiania

Norwegian playwright.

At age 23 he became theatre director and resident playwright of the new National Theatre at Bergen, charged with creating a "national drama." He directed the Norwegian Theatre in Kristiana from 1857 to 1863, when the theatre went bankrupt. He then set off on extended travels in Europe, beginning a self-imposed exile that would last until 1891. In Italy he wrote the troubling moral tragedy Brand (1866) and the buoyant Peer Gynt (1867). After the satire Pillars of Society (1877) he found his voice and an international audience with powerful studies of middle-class morality in A Doll's House (1879), Ghosts (1881), An Enemy of the People (1882), The Wild Duck (1884), and Rosmersholm (1886). His more symbolic plays, most of them written after his return to Norway in 1891, include Hedda Gabler (1890), The Master Builder (1892), Little Eyolf (1894), and When We Dead Awaken (1899). Emphasizing character over plot, Ibsen addressed social problems such as political corruption and the changing role of women as well as psychological conflicts stemming from frustrated love and destructive family relationships. He greatly influenced European theatre and is regarded as the founder of modern prose drama.

Ibsen, 1870

Universitetsbiblioteket, Oslo

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ibsen, Henrik Johan — (1828 1906)    A Norwegian playwright and poet, Ibsen is recognized as one of the world s greatest dramatists but was also, especially during his lifetime and in his native Norway, considered a notable poet. Born into a middle class family in the …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Ibsen, Henrik (Johan) — (20 mar. 1828, Skien, Noruega–23 may 1906, Christiania). Dramaturgo noruego. A la edad de 23 años se convirtió en el productor artístico y dramaturgo residente del renovado Teatro Nacional Bergen, donde se le confió la creación de un lenguaje… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ibsen, Henrik — ▪ Norwegian dramatist and poet in full  Henrik Johan Ibsen  born March 20, 1828, Skien, Norway died May 23, 1906, Kristiania [formerly Christiania; now Oslo]  major Norwegian (Norwegian literature) playwright of the late 19th century who… …   Universalium

  • Henrik Johan Ibsen — noun realistic Norwegian author who wrote plays on social and political themes (1828 1906) • Syn: ↑Ibsen, ↑Henrik Ibsen • Derivationally related forms: ↑Ibsenian (for: ↑Ibsen) • Instance Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Henrik Ibsen — Henrik Johan Ibsen (* 20. März 1828 in Skien; † 23. Mai 1906 in Kristiania) war ein norwegischer Schriftsteller und Dramatiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henrik Ibsen — Activités dramaturge Naissance 20 mars 1828 Skien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ibsen — Henrik Ibsen Henrik Ibsen Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 mars 1828, Skien, Norvège 23 mai 1906, Christiania) est un dramaturge norvégien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henrik Ibsen — noun realistic Norwegian author who wrote plays on social and political themes (1828 1906) • Syn: ↑Ibsen, ↑Henrik Johan Ibsen • Derivationally related forms: ↑Ibsenian (for: ↑Ibsen) • Instance Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ibsen — noun realistic Norwegian author who wrote plays on social and political themes (1828 1906) • Syn: ↑Henrik Ibsen, ↑Henrik Johan Ibsen • Derivationally related forms: ↑Ibsenian • Instance Hypernyms: ↑poet, ↑dramatist, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Johan — (as used in expressions) Johan Jonaton Björling Karl Johan Huizinga Johan Ibsen Henrik Johan Johan Maurits van Nassau Oldenbarnevelt Johan van Runeberg Johan Ludvig Johan Julius Christian Sibelius Strindberg Johan August * * * …   Universalium

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