Hoffmann, Josef

(b. Dec. 15, 1870, Pirnitz, Moravia
d. May 7, 1956, Vienna, Austria) Austrian architect and designer.

He studied under Otto Wagner in Vienna but in 1899 helped found the Vienna Sezession, which broke free of Wagner's Classicism. He cofounded, and for 30 years (1903–33) directed, the Wiener Werkstätte (Vienna Workshop), an important centre for arts and crafts. Stoclet House (1905) in Brussels is considered his masterpiece; the exterior of this opulent structure achieved an elegance not often associated with design based on straight lines and white squares and rectangles. He designed the Austrian pavilions for the 1914 Deutscher Werkbund Exhibition in Cologne and for the 1934 Venice Biennale. In 1920 he was appointed city architect of Vienna.

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▪ Austrian architect

born Dec. 15, 1870, Pirnitz, Moravia [now in Czech Republic]
died May 7, 1956, Vienna, Austria
 German architect whose work was important in the early development of modern architecture in Europe.

      Hoffman studied under Otto Wagner in Vienna and in 1899 joined in the founding of the Vienna Sezession, which, although influenced by the Art Nouveau movement, was more modernist than Wagner's approach. Beginning in 1899 he taught at the School of Applied Arts, Vienna, and participated (1903) in the establishment of the Vienna Workshop, a centre for arts and crafts, which he directed for some 30 years.

      Hoffmann's Purkersdorf Sanatorium (1903; Purkersdorf, Austria) was an important early work, and his Stoclet House (1905) in Brussels is considered his masterpiece. The exterior of this opulent structure achieved a monumental elegance not often associated with design based on straight lines and white squares and rectangles.

      Hoffmann designed the Austrian pavilions for the 1914 Deutscher Werkbund Exhibition in Cologne and for the 1934 Venice Biennale. In 1920 he was appointed city architect of Vienna, and in 1924 and 1925 he carried out various housing projects for the city.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hoffmann — /hof meuhn/; for 1, 2 also Ger. /hawf mahn /, n. 1. E(rnst) T(heodor) A(madeus) (Wilhelm) /erddnst tay aw dohrdd ah mah day oos vil helm/, 1776 1822, German author, composer, and illustrator. 2. Josef /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, 1870 1956, Viennese… …   Universalium

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