ultramarine

/ul'treuh meuh reen"/, adj.
1. of the color ultramarine.
2. beyond the sea.
n.
3. a blue pigment consisting of powdered lapis lazuli.
4. a similar artificial blue pigment.
5. any of various other pigments.
6. a deep-blue color.
[1590-1600; < ML ultramarinus, equiv. to L ultra ULTRA- + marinus MARINE]

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      pigment in the gem lapis lazuli, used by painters as early as the European Middle Ages. Ore containing the colour was ground, and the powdered lapis lazuli was separated from the other mineral matter. The pigment was first produced artificially in the late 1820s in France and Germany, being made from about equal amounts of china clay, sulfur, and sodium carbonate, with lesser amounts of silica and rosin or pitch. The mixture is fired slowly to 750° C (1,380° F) and cooled in a sealed furnace. Depending on the proportion of the ingredients, the shade varies from greenish to reddish blue.

      Ultramarine is used in paints, lacquers, and decorating materials. It has a particularly brilliant blue colour and is very lightfast, but it is not suitable for use outdoors because it weathers to a dull-blue powder.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • Ultramarine — Ul tra*ma*rine , n. [Cf. Sp. ultramarino. So called because the lapis lazuli was originally brought from beyond the sea, from Asia.] (Chem.) A blue pigment formerly obtained by powdering lapis lazuli, but now produced in large quantities by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ultramarine — ist: englisch für Ultramarin, Sammelbezeichnung für anorganische Pigmente unterschiedlichen Farbtons englischer Originaltitel eines Romans von Malcolm Lowry, siehe Ultramarin (Roman) Ultramarine (Band), eine britische Electronica Band Siehe auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ultramarine — [ul΄trə mə rēn′] adj. [ML ultramarinus: see ULTRA & MARINE] 1. beyond the sea 2. deep blue n. 1. a blue pigment originally made by grinding lapis lazuli to a powder 2. a blue pigment of similar chemical composition prepared from other substances …   English World dictionary

  • Ultramarine — Ul tra*ma*rine , a. [Pref. ultra + marine.] Situated or being beyond the sea. Burke. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ultramarine — (n.) 1590s, blue pigment made from lapis lazuli, from M.L. ultramarinus, lit. beyond the sea, from ULTRA (Cf. ultra ) beyond + marinus of the sea (see MARINE (Cf. marine)). So called because the mineral was imported from Asia by sea …   Etymology dictionary

  • ultramarine — ► NOUN 1) a brilliant deep blue pigment originally obtained from lapis lazuli. 2) a brilliant deep blue colour. ORIGIN from obsolete Italian azzurro oltramarino azure from overseas (because the lapis lazuli was imported), from Latin ultramarinus… …   English terms dictionary

  • Ultramarine — infobox color|title=Ultramarine|hex=120a8f|textcolor=white r=18|g=10|b=143 c=100|m=90|y=4|k=1 h=244|s=93|v=56 Ultramarine is a blue pigment consisting primarily of a double silicate of aluminium and sodium with some sulfides or sulfates, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Ultramarine — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Ultramarine, bleu outremer en anglais, peut faire référence à : Ultramarine, un groupe français de jazz fusion, dont Mokhtar Samba est un membre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ultramarine — [[t]ʌ̱ltrəməri͟ːn[/t]] COLOUR Ultramarine is used to describe things that are very bright blue in colour. ...an ultramarine sky …   English dictionary

  • ultramarine — colorful colorful adj. 1. having striking color. Opposite of {colorless}. Note: [Narrower terms: {changeable, chatoyant, iridescent, shot}; {deep, rich}; {flaming}; {fluorescent, glowing}; {prismatic}; {psychedelic}; {red, ruddy, flushed,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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